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 Organization

NO 20
Acronym ECCC
Name Environment and Climate Change Canada
Address 1 Environment and Climate Change Canada
Address 2 Climate Research Division
Address 3 4905 Dufferin Street, Toronto, Ontario CANADA M3H 5T4
Country/Territory Canada
Website

 Contact(s)

Name Lin Huang
Prefix Dr.
Email lin.huang@canada.ca
Organization No 20
Organization acronym ECCC
Organization name Environment and Climate Change Canada
Organization country/territory Canada
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Country/territory Canada
Tel (416) 739-5821
Fax (416) 739-4106
Last updated date 2019-09-30


 Background observation
 UTC
 permil
 9999-12-31 00:00:00 - 9999-12-31 23:59:59: VPDB-CO2
 9999-12-31 00:00:00 - 9999-12-31 23:59:59: Thermo Finnigan MAT252(Mass spectrometry)
 9999-12-31 00:00:00 - 9999-12-31 23:59:59: 10 (m)
 weekly
 1). Each analysis is carried out by extracting CO2 from a 2L flask sample, followed by a flaming seal in an ampoule and then measured its isotopic composition relative to CO2 gas in a reference bellow by the IRMS(MAT252), at the same time, the primary anchor is also measured as the sample;
2). Each sample is linked to VPDB-CO2 scale via the primary anchor. The isotope ratios are reported in unit of per mil
Where: δ18O = [(18O/16Osamp/ (18O/16Ostd/)-1] x 1000 ‰
Measurement precision of IRMS is 0.01 per mil;
3). The overall uncertainty (in terms of accuracy and precision) of individual samples in δ18O is 0.04 permil.
 17O correction is done using Allison/Craig correction
 [Hourly]
 [Daily]
 [Monthly]
 Three-Column quality control flags:
a NOAA 3-column quality control flag has been adopted where each column is defined as follows:

[column 1]
Hard REJECTION flag.
*.. The sample doesn't have a pair;
+.. high member of the bad pair (pair rejection criteria: 0.05 permil for δ13C and 0.15 permil for δ18O);
-.. low member of the bad pair (pair rejection criteria: 0.05 permil for δ13C and 0.15 permil for δ18O);

[column 2]
SOFT REJECTION flag.
A star other than a period (.) in the SECOND column indicates a sample that is likely valid but does not meet selection criteria determined by the goals of a particular investigation (e.g., the sample may not represent the background condition).

[column 3]
COMMENT flag.
An alphanumeric other than a period (.) in the THIRD column provides additional information about the collection or analysis of the sample (e.g., ""..I"" indicates an ICP sample which have been measured by more than one lab).

If both the first and second column contain a period (e.g., ""..."" and ""..I""), the sample is RETAINED.
 Valid (background): ...
 Valid: *..
 Valid: .*.
 Invalid: +..
 Invalid: -..
 Terminated
 Scale and Calibration (traceability)
1) The internationally accepted scale for reporting δ18O is VPDB-CO2 (Vienna Pee Dee Bellemnite);
2). The primary anchor to the VPDB-CO2 scale for CO2 isotope measurements is the pure CO2 evolved from a carbonate (i.e., Cal2) reference materials;
3). Annual calibration is conducted via measuring the primary anchor together with the international reference materials NBS19 and NBS18 (linked to VPDB-CO2). The detailed information for calibration and traceability of the measurements can be found in the reference (http://www.atmos-meas-tech.net/6/1685/2013/amt-6-1685-2013.html).
4). The overall uncertainty (in terms of accuracy and precision) of individual reference materials in δ18O is 0.04 permil.
 Wind direction:
 Wind speed:
 Relative humidity:
 Precipitation amount:
 Air pressure:
 Air temperature:
 Dew point temperature:
 Sea water temperature:
 Sea surface water temperature:
 Sea water salinity:
 Sea surface water salinity:
Meteorological data may remain as first provded, even when greenhouse gas data are updated.
 
1  Huang, L., A. Chivulescu, D. Ernst, W. Zhang, A.-L. Norman, Y.-S. Lee (2013) Maintaining Consistent traceability in High Precision Isotope Measurements in CO2: a way to verify long-term Atmospheric trends of δ13C and δ18O, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 6, 1685-1075, 2013/ www.atmos-meas-tech.net/6/1685/2013/ doi:10.5194/amt-6-1685-2013.
2  Huang L.,, A. Chivulescu, C. Allison, G. Brailsford, W. A. Brand, M. Wendeberg, A. Bollenbacher, R. Keeling, I. Levin, M. Sabasc6, M. Leuenberger, H. Mukai, T. Nakazawa, S. Aoki, R. Neubert, A. Aerts-Bijma, M. Verkouteren, J. White, B. Vaughn, S. Michel, L. Zhou, L.X. Liu (2011) A Report of δ13C & δ18O Measurements in NBS19 and NBS18 pure CO2: Uncertainty in Traceability of CO2 Isotope Measurements, In the proceeding of Report to the 15thWMO/IAEA CO2 Expert Meeting, Jena, Sept. 2009. WMO Report
3  Brand, Willi A., L. Huang, H. Mukai, A. Chivulescu, Ju¨rgen M. Richter & Michael Rothe (2009) How well do we know VPDB? Variability of δ13C and δ18O in CO2 generated from NBS19-calcite, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 2009; 23: 915-926.
4  Huang, L. and D. Worthy (2005) Flask Sampling Strategy by MSC for Atmospheric Observations of Greenhouse Gases and CO2 Isotopes over Canada: Status & Plan, Report of the 12th WMO/IAEA Meeting of Experts on CO2 Concentration and Related Tracer Measurement Techniques, Toronto, Sept. 2003, GAW publication 161, 94-100., May, 2005.
5  R L Langenfelds, P B Krummel, C E Allison, R J Francey, L P Steele and L N Cooper (CSIRO, Australia), D. Worthy, L. Huang, D. Ernst and A. Chivulescu (MSC), Intercomparison of MSC and CSIRO trace gas data from Alert and Estevan Point. Canadian Baseline Report Summary of progress to 2002, 67-76.