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 ABP Map

GAW ID ABP
Station name Arembepe
GAW category GAW Global
WMO region REGION III (South America)
Country/territory Brazil
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -12.7666664124
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -38.1666679382
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 0
Timezone UTC-03:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/458
Climate Zone Af (Equatorial rainforest, fully humid)
Website
Status Non-reporting
Description The station coexists with a turtle sanctuary on the sea coast of the state of Bahia. Steady trade wind flow from the Atlantic. The station is located on a beach about 2 km north of the village of Arembepe, that has about 5000 inhabitants. It is about 25 km NE of the city of Salvador. The wind direction is about 95% of time from the South Atlantic Ocean, perpendicular to the shore.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 ADR Map

GAW ID ADR
Station name Adrigole
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Ireland
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 51.6800003052
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -9.7299995422
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 50
Timezone UTC
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/85
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website
Status Closed
Description
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 ALT Map

GAW ID ALT
Station name Alert
GAW category GAW Global
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory Canada
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 82.4991455078
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -62.3415260315
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 210
Timezone UTC-05:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/487
Climate Zone ET (Tundra climate)
Website
Status Operational
Description In 1986, the Alert Background Air Pollution Monitoring Network (BAPMoN) Observatory was opened as Canada's first research station for the continuous monitoring of background concentrations of trace gases and aerosols. Currently, the Dr. Neil Trivett Global Atmosphere Watch Observatory at Alert, NU is the most northerly site in the GAW Network. It is located on the northeastern tip of Ellesmere Island in Nunavut, Canada, far removed from the major industrial regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Alert is also the site of a military station (CFS Alert) staffed with about 60 personnel, and an Environment and Climate Change Canada Upper Air Weather Station. The Alert GAW Observatory is approximately 400 m2 in size and is situated 210 m above sea level and 6 km SSW of CFS Alert. It is a key site for Arctic atmospheric process studies, which have led to the discovery of such phenomena as Arctic haze, important chemical interactions of pollutants with snow surfaces, and rapid changes in the chemical composition of the atmospheric boundary layer during polar sunrise. A team of Canadian scientists, working in partnership with international scientists, maintains the extensive measurement program at Alert. Currently at Alert, Environment and Climate Change Canada's Greenhouse Gas Measurement Lab (GGML), continuously measures ambient CO2, CH4 and CO via Cavity Ring Down Spectroscopy from a 10m tower. Biweekly integrated samples are taken and analyzed for 14C isotope in CO2, by the University of Heidelberg. Aerosol optical, physical and chemical properties are measured, including light absorption, scattering, number size distribution, black carbon /organic carbon (BC/OC) concentrations and their 13C and 14C compositions. Weekly ambient flask samples were taken at the site and analyzed for CO2, CH4 and N2O from 1999-2018, as well as 13C and 18O isotopes in CO2, from 1998-2010 by GGML. Currently, other institutes such as NOAA, CSIRO, MPI and Scripps continue to take weekly flask samples.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 AMS Map

GAW ID AMS
Station name Amsterdam Island
GAW category GAW Global
WMO region REGION I (Africa)
Country/territory France
Address 1 LSCE CEA Orme des Merisiers 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex France
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -37.7983016968
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 77.5378036499
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 70
Timezone UTC+05:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/485
Climate Zone Cfc (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, cool summer)
Website
Status Operational
Description This research station is situated on an island of 58 km2. The station is located in the South Indian Ocean. This special geographical situation offers the opportunity to monitor background concentrations, with sporadic events originating from Southern Africa.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 AMT Map

GAW ID AMT
Station name Argyle (ME)
GAW category GAW Other elements
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory United States of America
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 45.0299987793
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -68.6800003052
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 50
Timezone UTC-05:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/797
Climate Zone UNK (Unknown)
Website
Status Non-reporting
Description
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 AMY Map

GAW ID AMY
Station name Anmyeon-do
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION II (Asia)
Country/territory Republic of Korea
Address 1 1764-6 Seungen-ri Anmyeon-up Taean-gun Chung-nam 357-961, Korea
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 36.5383338928
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 126.3300018311
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 46
Timezone UTC+09:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/653
Climate Zone Cfa (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, hot summer)
Website http://www.climate.go.kr/home/04_watch/02.html
Status Operational
Description
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 ARH Map

GAW ID ARH
Station name Arrival Heights
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region ANTARCTICA
Country/territory New Zealand
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -77.8320007324
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 166.6600036621
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 184
Timezone UTC+12:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/676
Climate Zone EF (Frost climate)
Website https://www.niwa.co.nz/atmosphere/facilities/lauder-atmospheric-research-station
Status Operational
Description Arrival Heights is located on Hut Point Peninsula, Ross Island, Antarctica. It is about 1.5 km north of McMurdo Station and 3 km northwest of Scott Base. The station is managed by Antarctica New Zealand (www.antarcticanz.govt.nz). Arrival Heights is located in Antarctic Specially Protected Area (ASPA 122); it is protected to prevent disturbance to an electromagnetically quiet and atmospherically clean area containing highly sensitive upper atmospheric equipment. Arrival Heights is a NDACC station with UVvis, FTIR and Dobson measurements.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 ASC Map

GAW ID ASC
Station name Ascension Island
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION I (Africa)
Country/territory United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -7.9699997902
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -14.3999996185
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 91
Timezone UTC
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/92
Climate Zone UNK (Unknown)
Website
Status Operational
Description NOAA "Carbon Capture Surface Flask" project
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 ASK Map

GAW ID ASK
Station name Assekrem
GAW category GAW Global
WMO region REGION I (Africa)
Country/territory Algeria
Address 1 PObox 31 - TAMANRASSET 11000- ALGERIA
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 23.2666664124
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 5.6333332062
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 2710
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/464
Climate Zone BWh (Desert climate, hot arid)
Website http://www.meteo.dz/html/station_vag.htm
Status Operational
Description The station is located on the summit (plateau) of the second highest point of the Hoggar mountain range in the Saharan desert. The site is very remote at a distance of 50 km from Tamanrasset. Touristic activities in the area are limited due to difficult access to a few dozen visitors per day. Vegetation is extremely sparse.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 AVI Map

GAW ID AVI
Station name St. Croix
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory United States of America
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 17.75
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -64.75
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 3
Timezone UTC-04:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/303
Climate Zone Aw (Equatorial savannah with dry summer)
Website
Status Closed
Description former NOAA flask sampling site Carbon Cycle Surface Flasks Project
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 AZR Map

GAW ID AZR
Station name Serreta (Terceira)
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Portugal
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 38.7700004578
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -27.3799991608
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 40
Timezone UTC-01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/296
Climate Zone Csb (Warm temperate climate with dry and warm summer)
Website
Status Operational
Description Station located in the western point of the Terceira island (Azores) at a rocky soil. Part of NOAA "Carbon Cycle Surface Flask" project.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 BAL Map

GAW ID BAL
Station name Baltic Sea
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Poland
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 55.5
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 16.6700000763
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 7
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/96
Climate Zone UNK (Unknown)
Website
Status Non-reporting
Description The sampling station is located on the ferry boat “Stena Baltica” operating between Gdynia, Poland and Karlskrona, Sweden. There is an automatic system of sampling that is operated by captains and mates of the boat, all of them trained in sampling. The samples (two of them each time) are collected twice a week; then they are sent to Boulder, Colorado via Sea Fisheries Institute and the American Embassy in Warsaw. The station is considered to be among the best organized stations in the whole sampling network and that fact was acknowledged by NOAA in 2003; Dr. Marianna Pastuszak, captains and mates of the “Stena Baltica” were rewarded with NOAA Environmental Hero Awards.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 BEO Map

GAW ID BEO
Station name BEO Moussala
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Bulgaria
Address 1 Boul. Tsarigradsko shose 72 Sofia 1784 Bulgaria
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 42.1791992188
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 23.5855998993
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 2925
Timezone UTC+03:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/776
Climate Zone Dfd (Snow climate, fully humid, extremely continental)
Website www.beo.inrne.bas.bg
Status Operational
Description BEO Moussala mission Observing, Monitoring and Study of Global Change, Climate, Aerospace and Terrestrial Environment, Natural Hazards and Technological Risks. Main research fields are: Atmospheric Physics and Chemistry; Physics and Astrophysics of Cosmic Rays; Complex Monitoring of Environment and Ecotoxicological Studies; Control of Long Range Radionuclides and Toxic Elements Transport; Sensors, Detectors and Complex Monitoring Devices Development BEO Moussala has a dynamic developing set of measuring, telecommunication and information systems and devices: automatic weather station, measuring temperature, pressure, direction and wind velocity, relative humidity and precipitations; automatic gas analyser, measuring concentrations of CO, CO2, SO2, O3, NO, NO2, NOx; the device for measuring the acidity of clouds; ozonometer, a device measuring ozone total column; detector of UV flux; aerosol properties measuring devices: nephelometer, measuring scaterring coefficient and scanning measurement particle seizer (SMPS); three devices for gamma background measurements, based on different principles; thermoluminescent detectors; device for measuring of aerosols radioactivity; high temperature semiconductor gamma spectrometer; active radon meter; neutron flux meter with high accuracy; device measuring the intensity cosmic neutron flux; complex cosmic ray detector SEVAN; passive neutron detector; Cerenkov leight telescope; muon Cerenkov telescope; LET spectrometer BEO Moussala has a developing data base with different levels and ways of access and high level of publicity in Internet, presenting on-line in real time the BEO Moussala data flows; refining QA/QC system. BEO Moussala is a modern complex High Mountain Observatory with developed and reliable infrastructure – double electricity supply and reserve supply; energy effective heating system; three times reserved communication; reliable transport, drinking water and water supply; optimal food stocks; modern active l
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 BER Map

GAW ID BER
Station name Bering Island
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION II (Asia)
Country/territory Russian Federation
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 55.2000007629
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 165.9799957275
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 13
Timezone UTC+12:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/106
Climate Zone Dfc (Snow climate, fully humid, cool summer)
Website
Status Closed
Description Island sea shore, Kamchatka Peninsula
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 BGU Map

GAW ID BGU
Station name Begur
GAW category GAW Other elements
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Spain
Address 1 IC3 Institut Català de Ciències del Clima Laboratori de l'Atmosfera i dels Oceans Parc Científic de Barcelona Baldiri i Reixac 2 08028 Barcelona
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 41.9700012207
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 3.2300000191
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 13
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/763
Climate Zone Csa (Warm temperate climate with dry and hot summer)
Website
Status Non-reporting
Description
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 BHD Map

GAW ID BHD
Station name Baring Head
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION V (South-West Pacific)
Country/territory New Zealand
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -41.4081916809
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 174.870803833
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 85
Timezone UTC+12:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/98
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website www.niwa.co.nz/rc/atmos/baring
Status Operational
Description Baring Head Clean Air Monitoring Station is located on a remote coastal cliff top on the south coast of the North Island of New Zealand, overlooking the South Pacific Ocean. The station, which was established in 1970, is 85 m above mean sea level, and approximately 240 m from the ocean. The intervening land consists of a beach strip and cliff face containing sparse shrubby vegetation. There is a single residence to the north of the site, otherwise there is no permanent occupation within 3 km. The surrounding land has been used fairly consistently for low density livestock farming. Wellington city, which has a population of approximately 380,000, is 10km to the northwest of the site. The site is visited by staff for maintenance of equipment approximately weekly. Southerly wind episodes at the site represent oceanic air to the south of New Zealand.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 BKT Map

GAW ID BKT
Station name Bukit Kototabang
GAW category GAW Global
WMO region REGION V (South-West Pacific)
Country/territory Indonesia
Address 1 PO.BOX 11 Bukit Tinggi 26100.Jalan Raya Bukit Tinggi - Medan Km. 17 Desa Muaro Kec. Palupuh West Sumatera, Indonesia
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -0.2019443959
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 100.3180541992
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 864
Timezone UTC+07:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/453
Climate Zone Af (Equatorial rainforest, fully humid)
Website http://gaw.kototabang.bmkg.go.id/
Status Operational
Description The Global GAW station Bukit Kototabang is located on the island Sumatra, Indonesia (0° 12' 07" S - 100° 19' 05" E). The station is roughly 17 km north of the town Bukittinggi (population: 85'000) and around 120 km north of Padang which the capital of the province West Sumatra. The remote station Bukit Kototabang (which means The Hill of Flying City) is situated in the equatorial zone on the ridge of a high plateau at an altitude of 864.5 m a.s.l., and 40 km off the western coastline. The prevailing winds are blowing either from south-south-east (December to May) or from north-north-west (May to October). The temperature varies from 16 to 25 °C with only slight annual variation and the relative humidity is usually higher than 80%. The facilities at the site consist of a large one-storey building, which provides excellent space for offices, meeting room and laboratories. On the 300 m2 flat roof, the air inlet and several radiation and meteorological equipment are mounted. The station is reached over a small access road which is closed to the public and is a few kilometres off the westerly main road (moderate traffic) between Padang and Medan. The vegetation in the surrounding area (30 km) consists mainly of tropical forest. However, the small access road to the station enabled farmers to develop the area. The station responsible has asked the West Sumatra authorities for support about the concerns regarding the altering of the surrounding environment.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 BME Map

GAW ID BME
Station name St. David's Head
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 32.3699989319
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -64.6500015259
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 30
Timezone UTC-04:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/304
Climate Zone UNK (Unknown)
Website
Status Closed
Description NOAA "Carbon Cycle Surface Flask" Project
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 BMW Map

GAW ID BMW
Station name Tudor Hill (Bermuda)
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 32.2700004578
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -64.8799972534
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 30
Timezone UTC-04:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/324
Climate Zone UNK (Unknown)
Website http://www.bios.edu/research/projects/tudor-hill-marine-atmospheric-observatory/
Status Operational
Description NOAA "Carbon Cycle Surface Flask" Project
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 BRT Map

GAW ID BRT
Station name Brotjacklriegel
GAW category GAW Other elements
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Germany
Address 1 Federal Environmental Agency Monitoring site Brotjacklriegel Alte Schule 35 1/4 D-94508 Riggerding
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 48.8166656494
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 13.2166662216
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 1016
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/11
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website
Status Closed
Description Mid mountain range, located on peak, forest environment.The station is situated on a mountain in the Bavarian Mountains, surrounded by forests. Monitoring on a wooden tower of the Bavarian Radio, 18 m above surface. Oil burning (heating) at site, distance to sampler 18 m, source height 7 m. 
 Cities: Grafenau: 8,000 inhabitants, 14.3 km northeast; Regen: 11,000 inhab., 18.7 km northwest; Vilshofen: 15,000 inhab., 20.5 km south of the station.&#13 Cars: Only a small forest lane leading to the site with approx. 3 vehicles/day within 3.5 km.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 BRW Map

GAW ID BRW
Station name Barrow (AK)
GAW category GAW Global
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory United States of America
Address 1 P.O. Box 888 Barrow, AK 99723
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 71.3230133057
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -156.6114654541
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 11
Timezone UTC-09:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/489
Climate Zone ET (Tundra climate)
Website http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/obop/brw/
Status Operational
Description Barrow Observatory, established in 1973, is located near sea level 8 km east of Barrow, Alaska at 71.32 degrees north. This facility is manned year around by 2 engineers/scientists who often commute to work in winter on snow machines. Due to its unique location, dedicated and highly trained staff, excellent power and communications infrastructure, the Barrow Observatory is host to numerous cooperative research projects from around the world. BRW is located so that it receives minimal influence from anthropogenic effects. It is about 8 km northeast of the village of Barrow and has a prevailing east-northeast wind off the Beaufort Sea. It is attended at least 5 days a week for routine inspection and maintenance of the instrumentation. In addition, the National Weather Service (NWS) maintains a weather observing facility in Barrow. Although the measurements at Barrow are made over open tundra, there are large lagoons and a number of lakes in the vicinity, and the Arctic Ocean is less than 3 km northwest of the site. Because of its proximity to these bodies of water and the fact that the prevailing winds are off the Beaufort Sea, BRW is perhaps best characterized as having an Arctic maritime climate affected by variations of weather and sea ice conditions in the Central Arctic.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 BSC Map

GAW ID BSC
Station name Constanta (Black Sea)
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Romania
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 44.1699981689
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 28.6800003052
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 3
Timezone UTC+02:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/133
Climate Zone Cfa (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, hot summer)
Website
Status Non-reporting
Description Coopertion between a Romanian Marine Research Institute and the University of Colorado - Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research: Canister sampling in Romania and GC analyses in USA. NOAA "Carbon Capture Surface Flasks" project.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 CAI Map

GAW ID CAI
Station name Cairo
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION I (Africa)
Country/territory Egypt
Address 1 Kobry El-Koba, Cairo Egypt P.O.Box:11784
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 30.0833339691
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 31.2833328247
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 35
Timezone UTC+02:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/588
Climate Zone BWh (Desert climate, hot arid)
Website
Status Operational
Description The air pollution, ozone and radiation measurement stations located at the headquarters of Egyptian Meteorological Authority EMA. It located in Cairo city, the capital of Egypt, far about 12 Km from Cairo International Airport. There are six regional centers: 1-Cairo Regional Center for Communications 2-Cairo Regional Center for forecasts 3-Cairo Regional Center for the solar radiation 4-Cairo Regional Center for ozone 5-Cairo Regional Center for the calibration 6-Cairo Regional Training Center Cairo is the capital city of Egypt, and is the largest city in Africa, and the Arab World. It is the largest metropolitan area in Egypt, and is one of the most populous in the world. Cairo has a population of about 12 million people, according to the 2008 population census. In Cairo, and along the Nile River Valley, the climate is an odd mixture between Mediterranean climate and desert climate , but often with high humidity due to the river valley's effects. Wind storms can be frequent, bringing Saharan dust into the city during the months of March and April. High temperatures in winter range from 13°C to 19°C, while nighttime lows drop to below 8°C, often to 5°C. In summer, the highs rarely surpass 40°C, and lows drop to about 20°C. Rainfall is sparse, but sudden showers do cause harsh flooding. In a city near Cairo called New Cairo, the temperatures often drop below zero during winter. New Cairo's weather is generally cooler than that of Cairo due to its high altitude. Cairo is a rapidly expanding city, which has led to many environmental problems. The air pollution in Cairo is a matter of serious concern. Greater Cairo's volatile aromatic hydrocarbon levels are higher than many other similar cities. Air quality measurements in Cairo have also been recording dangerous levels of lead, carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide, and suspended particulate matter concentrations due to decades of unregulated vehicle emissions, urban industrial operations, and chaff and
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 CBA Map

GAW ID CBA
Station name Cold Bay (AK)
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory United States of America
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 55.2000007629
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -162.7166595459
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 25
Timezone UTC-09:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/713
Climate Zone Cfc (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, cool summer)
Website
Status Operational
Description NOAA "Carbon Cycle Surface Flask" Project
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 CDL Map

GAW ID CDL
Station name Candle Lake
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory Canada
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 53.987108
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -105.117939
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 591
Timezone UTC-06:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/438
Climate Zone Dfc (Snow climate, fully humid, cool summer)
Website
Status Closed
Description In 1994 and 1996 Canadian and US government agencies headed up the Boreal Ecosystem-Atmosphere study (BOREAS). BOREAS was a large-scale international interdisciplinary experiment in the northern boreal forests of Canada. The BOREAS program was completed in November 1996, however, several sites continued, including the sites in Saskatchewan, under the new study heading of the Boreal Ecosystem Research and Monitoring Sites (BERMs). There were three main study sites in the southern boreal forest of Saskatchewan, each representing a different forest type. The BERMS sites were also part of the Fluxnet-Canada network, comprised of seven flux stations in Canada. At the BERMs old black spruce (OBS) forest site, Environment and Climate Change Canada made continuous measurements of CO2, CH4, CO and N2O using Gas Chromatography, from 2002-2008, to compliment the ongoing CO2 and water flux measurements. A weekly flask-sampling program for CO2, CH4, N2O was also done from 2002-2005. The OBS site is located approximately 100km NE of Prince Albert within the Prince Albert national park. The vegetation is mostly black spruce, but approximately 150f the forest consists of deciduous-type larch.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 CFA Map

GAW ID CFA
Station name Cape Ferguson
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION V (South-West Pacific)
Country/territory Australia
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -19.2773323059
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 147.0584411621
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 2
Timezone UTC+10:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/122
Climate Zone Aw (Equatorial savannah with dry summer)
Website
Status Operational
Description Marine coastal
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 CGO Map

GAW ID CGO
Station name Cape Grim
GAW category GAW Global
WMO region REGION V (South-West Pacific)
Country/territory Australia
Address 1 Cape Grim Baseline Air Pollution Station 159 Nelson Street, Smithton, Tasmania 7330, Australia Postal address: P.O. Box 346, Smithton, Tasmania 7330, Australia
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -40.682220459
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 144.6883392334
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 94
Timezone UTC+10:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/456
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website www.bom.gov.au/inside/cgbaps/index.shtml
Status Operational
Description The Cape Grim Baseline Air Pollution Station (CGBAPS) is located on a cliff-top (approximate elevation 90 m a.s.l.) near the northern end of the west coast of Tasmania, overlooking the Southern Ocean. The building is on a small block surrounded by an additional 500 ha of grazing land known as the buffer zone. A small area within and next to the building is leased to a telecommunications company and its 74 m tower is used by the station. The buffer zone is surrounded by a 22,000 ha used for sheep, beef and dairy farming. From the station, the baseline sector is 190-280 degrees. Winds from this sector occur about 35 0f the time. The station is supported by an office in Smithton and laboratories in Melbourne. Station specifications, site plan, and program summaries are given int the station's annual report (Baseline), available on request.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 CGR Map

GAW ID CGR
Station name Capo Granitola
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Italy
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 37.6667
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 12.65
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 5
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/985
Climate Zone UNK (Unknown)
Website http://www.i-amica.it/i-amica/?page_id=1125&lang=e
Status Operational
Description Capo Granitola is a remote site, directly exposed to the Strait of Sicily, it is an ideal site for monitoring the marine background conditions, the influence of vessel emissions from the major routes in the Mediterranean Sea and the Saharan dust transport from North Africa towards Europe. Moreover, being overlooking the Maditerranean sea, it is a perfect site for studying the marine aerosol, fresh and transported over long distances. Sicily is located in the middle of Mediterranean sea, where the atmospheric observations are almost inexistent. Capo Granitola observations will fill the gap in the lack of knowledge concerning atmospheric composition in Mediterranean basin.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 CHL Map

GAW ID CHL
Station name Churchill
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory Canada
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 58.737902
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -93.820581
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 16
Timezone UTC-05:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/685
Climate Zone Dfc (Snow climate, fully humid, cool summer)
Website
Status Operational
Description Churchill, Manitoba is a small port city on the western edge of Hudson Bay. The area surrounding the townsite is relatively flat tundra. The major influence on the climate is the freezing and thawing of the bay. Currently, Environment and Climate Change Canada's Greenhouse Gas Measurement Lab (GGML), continuously measures ambient air for CO2, CO, CH4 via a Cavity Ring Down Spectroscopy instrument from an inlet located on a 60m tower. A weekly flask sample is also taken and analyzed at the National Institute of Polar Research in Japan for isotopes of CH4. Other weekly flask samples were taken and analyzed for CO2, CH4 and N2O from 2007-2017 and for 13C and 18O isotopes of CO2 from 2007-2010.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 CHM Map

GAW ID CHM
Station name Chibougamau
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory Canada
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 49.69251
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -74.342296
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 383
Timezone UTC-04:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/774
Climate Zone Dfb (Snow climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website
Status Closed
Description Through the collaborative opportunity with Fluxnet Canada, ECCC initiated an Insitu CO2, CH4 and CO measurement program at an eastern boreal flux site located near Chibougamau, QU in August 2007. The site was maintained by the University of Laval in Quebec City. The objective of the Chibougamau carbon flux observational program was to enhance the understanding of the interactions of the eastern boreal forest, comprised primarily of old black spruce, with the atmosphere, measure seasonal and annual uptake and release of carbon from the forest and study how the forests might respond to changes in climate. Canada's eastern boreal forest consists primarily of black spruce and jack pine. Unfortunately, national funding for the Fluxnet Canada program terminated which precipitated in the closure of the station in August 2011. ECCC established a replacement site located 40km away at Chapais, Qu.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 CHR Map

GAW ID CHR
Station name Christmas Island
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION V (South-West Pacific)
Country/territory Kiribati
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 1.7000000477
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -157.1699981689
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 3
Timezone UTC+14:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/130
Climate Zone Aw (Equatorial savannah with dry summer)
Website
Status Operational
Description NOAA "Carbon Cycle Surface Flask" Project
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 CMN Map

GAW ID CMN
Station name Monte Cimone
GAW category GAW Global
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Italy
Address 1 Via delle Ville, 40 41029 Sestola (MO) - Italy
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 44.1666679382
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 10.6833333969
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 2165
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/1
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website http://www.aeronautica.difesa.it/cimone
Status Operational
Description The Operative Base of the Mountain Air Force Center (CAMM - Monte Cimone) is on a North Appenine mountain peak with completly free horizon. No local sources of contamination. No access by road. Operational baseline station since June 1978. Prevaling wind directions: SSW and NE. The Center hosts since 1983 the "Laboratorio Ottavio Vittorio" of ISAC-CNR (Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate).
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 CMO Map

GAW ID CMO
Station name Cape Meares (OR)
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory United States of America
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 45
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -124
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 30
Timezone UTC-08:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/712
Climate Zone Csb (Warm temperate climate with dry and warm summer)
Website
Status Closed
Description former NOAA flask sampling and AGAGE measurements
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 COI Map

GAW ID COI
Station name Cape Ochiishi
GAW category GAW Other elements
WMO region REGION II (Asia)
Country/territory Japan
Address 1 Ochi-ishi-nishi 243-2, Nemuro-shi, HOKKAIDO, 088-1781, JAPAN
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 43.1666679382
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 145.5
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 49
Timezone UTC+09:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/638
Climate Zone Dfb (Snow climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website http://db.cger.nies.go.jp/g3db/ggtu/ochiishi.html
Status Non-reporting
Description Cape Ochi-ishi is located at the eastern coast of Hokkaido, at base of Nemuro peninsula. It has considerably cold climate with average yearly temperature of about 5°C. Most of the cape is covered by marshy ground and designated as a Nature Preserve. Ochi-ishi area is a moor, preserved as a southernmost border for distribution of Sakai azalea (Natural monument:Rhododendron Lapponicum L. subsp. Parvifolium).The Cape Ochi-ishi monitoring station is located at the southern tip of the cape and 50 m above sea level. City of Nemuro (population of 35,000) is the closest city and is located at about 20 km east of the cape. The wind is mainly northerly to westerly between the late autumn(November) and early spring (March). The wind direction changes frequently between April and October, and it ranges from northeast to west-southwest. The annual mean wind speed is about 8 m/s at the top of tower (96 m above sea level), the annual mean surface temperature is about 5.5°C, and the annual rain fall is about 1000 mm.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 CPT Map

GAW ID CPT
Station name Cape Point
GAW category GAW Global
WMO region REGION I (Africa)
Country/territory South Africa
Address 1 South African Weather Servicec/o CSIR (Environmentek)P.O. Box 320Stellenbosch 7599South Africa
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -34.3534812927
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 18.4896831512
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 230
Timezone UTC+02:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/465
Climate Zone Csb (Warm temperate climate with dry and warm summer)
Website http://www.weathersa.co.za
Status Operational
Description The Cape Point station is located in a nature reserve at the southern end of the Cape Peninsula, South Africa, (coordinates: 34°21' S, 18°29' E). The monitoring station is exposed to the sea on top of a cliff 230 m a.s.l., about 60 km south from the city of Cape Town. Since the dominant wind direction is SE - S - SW, the station is subjected to maritime air from the South Atlantic most of the time. The Cape Peninsula has a Mediterranean-type climate where the summers are generally dry and windy, whilst the winters are cold and wet. In 1995, the station moved to a newly built one story measurement location. The new location provides excellent space for present and future measurement activities and underlines the importance given to the site by the Government. It is situated adjoining the old station beneath the 30 m sampling tower and is built partially into the rock. The air inlet and several pieces of meteorological equipment are mounted on a platform at the top of the flat roof. Cape Point, which is also a popular tourist destination, can easily be reached by road from Cape Town, which is situated 60 km to the north. From the tourist parking area an electrical funicular railway leads up the hill. Tourists are only permitted to visit Cape Point during daylight hours.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 CRI Map

GAW ID CRI
Station name Cape Rama
GAW category GAW Other elements
WMO region REGION II (Asia)
Country/territory India
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 15.0799999237
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 73.8300018311
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 60
Timezone UTC+05:30
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/780
Climate Zone Am (Equatorial monsoon)
Website
Status Non-reporting
Description Cape Rama is located on the west coast of India. The sampling location is on a flat rocky terrain, about 60 m above sea level. The site is devoid of vegetation over a scale of 50 m on all sides and is at least a few hundred metres away from sparse habitation. The meteorological data from Panaji show that in this part of the west coast, the wind in the afternoon (sampling time) is from the sea (onshore) all year round. In the northern summer monsoon period, this flow direction matches with the general large-scale flow and Cape Rama is located south of the inter-tropical convergence zone (ITCZ). Therefore, air samples collected during this period (June to September) represent tropical or SH oceanic air mass, representative of a wider area, and not contaminated by large industrial emission or strong ecosystem exchanges. In the northern winter monsoon period, the zonal wind direction is from the land to the sea and matches with the morning local wind (offshore). However, the same air mass is recirculated by afternoon sea breezes, with some dilution of continental trace gas signatures.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 CRZ Map

GAW ID CRZ
Station name Crozet
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION I (Africa)
Country/territory France
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -46.4333381653
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 51.8335800171
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 120
Timezone UTC+03:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/136
Climate Zone ET (Tundra climate)
Website
Status Operational
Description The Crozet archipelago is located in the subantartic fronts of the southern Indian Ocean and is part of French Austral and Antarctic Territories (TAAF). The scientific base Alfred Faure has been established 45 years ago on Possession Island and is made of 20 inhabitants.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 CUR Map

GAW ID CUR
Station name Monte Curcio
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Italy
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 39.315972
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 16.42325
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 1796
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/988
Climate Zone Csa (Warm temperate climate with dry and hot summer)
Website http://mtcurcio.iia.cnr.it/
Status Operational
Description The Monte Curcio CNR-IIA station is a Climatic-Environmental Observatory located in a strategic and isolated position within the Sila Grande area, one of the main three areas making-up the Sila National Park, which is officially recognized, since June 2014, as the Tenth Reserve of Italian Biosphere. It is characterized by no local sources of contamination and no access by road and it is 200 m from a ski resort and from the cable car arrival point of the surrounding ski area. The operative station is situated at 1796 m a.s.l. on a southern Appenine mountain peak with completely free horizon, thus allowing to gain atmospheric monitoring measurements with a large spatial representativeness. It is interestingly placed on the middle of the Mediterranean basin, around 30 and 60 km from the Tyrrenian and the Ionian Sea, respectively. Due to its elevation and position, the Mt. Curcio station is even able to intercept dust plumes from the Saharan desert as well as volcanic ashes and gases from Stromboli and Mt. Etna volcanoes, located at around 120 km south-easterly and 220 km south-south easterly from the atmospheric monitoring site, respectively.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 CVO Map

GAW ID CVO
Station name Cape Verde Atmospheric Observatory
GAW category GAW Global
WMO region REGION I (Africa)
Country/territory Cabo Verde
Address 1 c/o INMG Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia e Geofisca Delegação de S. Vicente Monte, CP 15 Mindelo Republic of Cape Verde
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 16.864025
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -24.867519
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 10
Timezone UTC-01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/442
Climate Zone BWh (Desert climate, hot arid)
Website www.york.ac.uk/capeverde
Status Operational
Description The station is located approximately 50m from the coastline on a raised 30m x 30m platform built on top of lava rock. There are no habitations within a 2 km radius; the nearest public road is 1.2 km downwind. The prevailing wind is from the NE from the open ocean bringing airmasses from the tropical Atlantic and from the African continent. The main laboratory is housed in a converted 40ft shipping container, with a second 20ft container for ancillary use. A 10m mast and 30m scaffold tower are used for instrument inlets.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 CYA Map

GAW ID CYA
Station name Casey
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region ANTARCTICA
Country/territory Australia
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -66.2833023071
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 110.5167007446
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 51
Timezone UTC+08:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/746
Climate Zone Dfc (Snow climate, fully humid, cool summer)
Website http://www.aad.gov.au/default.asp?casid=405
Status Operational
Description Just 3880 kilometres due south of Perth, Casey is the closest of Australia's permanent Antarctic stations. Situated in an area of the low rocky Windmill Islands and peninsulas, Casey is perched on the edge of the massive Antarctic ice cap. With more than more than 50 islands in the group, the Windmill Islands are home to tens of thousands of birds, including Adelie penguins, giant petrels, skuas and snow petrels. To the east of Casey, rises Law Dome, a small and almost circular ice cap 200 kilometres in diameter. Law Dome, 1395 metres high and 110 kilometres inland, is an immense ice cap that was the site of a drilling project that finally reached bedrock in 1993. The ice was measured to be 1200m thick. Casey is also the site of large moss beds, recognised as among the most significant vegetated areas on the continent. An Antarctic Meteorological Centre, established at Casey in 1993 to provide high resolution satellite imagery to the World Meteorological Centre in Melbourne, is now becoming the focus for weather and climate research in this vital part of the global weather system.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 DDR Map

GAW ID DDR
Station name Mt. Dodaira
GAW category GAW Other elements
WMO region REGION II (Asia)
Country/territory Japan
Address 1 601-2 Shiraishi, Higashichichibu-mura, Chichibu-gun, Saitama 355-0377, Japan
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 36
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 139.1999969482
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 840
Timezone UTC+09:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/2
Climate Zone Cfa (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, hot summer)
Website
Status Operational
Description Near mountain top, Mt. Dodaira is located about 60 km north-west of Tokyo, and located east-end of Soto Chichibu mountain range.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 DEU Map

GAW ID DEU
Station name Deuselbach
GAW category GAW Other elements
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Germany
Address 1 Federal Environmental AgencyMonitoring site DeuselbachAuf dem Rerkirch 4D-54411 Deuselbach
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 49.7666664124
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 7.0500001907
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 480
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/12
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website
Status Closed
Description The station is situated on a little hill in the low mountain range, surrounded by meadows and agriculture. No major SO2 and NOx sources within 10 km. - rural environment Cities: Deuselbach: 330 inhabitants, 1 km northeast; Trier: 95,000 inhab., 30 km east of the station. Cars: A minor road passing the station with 5 cars/day.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 DIG Map

GAW ID DIG
Station name Diabla Gora / Puszcza Borecka
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Poland
Address 1 Puszcza Borecka/Diabla Gora StationDiabla Gora 11-612 Kruklanki, PolandContact : Institute of Environmental Protection, Kolektorska 4 01-692 Warsaw, Poland
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 54.1500015259
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 22.0666675568
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 157
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/530
Climate Zone Dfb (Snow climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website www.ios.edu.pl/
Status Operational
Description Background station located at the border of big forest called Puszcza Borecka. Typical agricultural and recreational region with forest and lakes. According to the model calculations it is one of the cleanest place in Poland, far from urban areas, population centres, industry and highways as well as from local pollutants sources.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 DMV Map

GAW ID DMV
Station name Danum Valley
GAW category GAW Global
WMO region REGION V (South-West Pacific)
Country/territory Malaysia
Address 1 Danum Valley GAW Baseline Station c/o Tawau Meteorological Station Tawau Wakuba Airport P. O. Box 60109 91011 Tawau, Sabah Malaysia
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 4.9813890457
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 117.8436126709
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 426
Timezone UTC+08:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/61
Climate Zone Af (Equatorial rainforest, fully humid)
Website www.met.gov.my
Status Operational
Description Located in Danum Valley, Sabah surrounded by undisturbed tropical rain forest. Situated on a ridge surrounded by pristine tropical rainforest, the station consists of a laboratory building with adjacent 100 m tower. The construction of the station began in 2002, was completed at the end of 2003 and began operations in 2004. The yearly mean temperature is 26.8°C and the mean annual precipitation (1985-2006) is approximately 2,825 mm. January and October are the wettest months while April is typically the driest month in a year. The winds are generally light.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 ECO Map

GAW ID ECO
Station name Lecce Environmental-Climate Observatory
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Italy
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 40.3358
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 18.1245
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 36
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/986
Climate Zone UNK (Unknown)
Website http://www.i-amica.it/i-amica/?page_id=661
Status Operational
Description The Environmental-Climate Observatory is located in the south-eastern part of Italy in proximity of the Adriatic coast in the Mediterranean area that is an hotspot for climatic changes and secondary pollution. The station is about 4 km (SW) of the urban area of Lecce and it could be characterized as an urban background station, located at about 30 km and 80 km from the most important industrial centres of the Puglia Region (Taranto and Brindisi). Further, the area is frequently subjected to advection of desert dust from Africa and marine contribution to atmospheric particulate matter.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 EGB Map

GAW ID EGB
Station name Egbert
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory Canada
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 44.231006
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -79.783839
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 255
Timezone UTC-05:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/688
Climate Zone Dfb (Snow climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website http://www.msc-smc.ec.gc.ca/iadn/stations/egbert_e.html
Status Operational
Description This is Environment and Climate Change Canada's Centre for Atmospheric Research Experiments (CARE). It was designed as an integrated multi-disciplinary facility to promote atmospheric research. CARE collects data and provides support for the Integrated Atmospheric Deposition Network (IADN), the Canadian Mercury Network (CMN), and the National Atmospheric Chemistry (NAtChem) database. It is also classified as a 'CORE' station for meteorological, particulate matter and trace gas measurements. Egbert is a small rural village near Aliston Ontario about 80 km north of Toronto. CARE is also a GAW regional station and an EMAN site. Currently, Environment and Climate Change Canada's Greenhouse Gas Measurement Lab continuously measures CO2, CH4 and N2O with a gas chromatographic instrument as well as CO2, CH4 and 13C isotopes of CO2 via Cavity Ring Down spectroscopy from a 25m tower. There is also integrated bi-weekly sampling of 14C isotopes of CO2 from the 25m tower, and continuous radon sampling from the 2m roof. Aerosol optical, physical and chemical properties are assessed using light absorption, scattering, number size distribution, black carbon /organic carbon (BC/OC) concentrations and their 13C and 14C compositions .
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 EIC Map

GAW ID EIC
Station name Easter Island
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION III (South America)
Country/territory Chile
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -27.1666660309
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -109.4167022705
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 41
Timezone UTC-06:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/612
Climate Zone Cfa (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, hot summer)
Website http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/dv/site/EIC.html
Status Operational
Description NOAA "Carbon Cycle Surface Flasks" Project
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 ESP Map

GAW ID ESP
Station name Estevan Point
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory Canada
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 49.382935
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -126.544097
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 7
Timezone UTC-07:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/679
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website
Status Operational
Description Estevan Point is a lighthouse station located in the midsection of Vancouver Islands west coast. The site can only be reached by boat or helicopter. The beach is about 100 m from the lighthouse. The lighthouse complex is surrounded to the north, east and south by forest and to the west by the Pacific Ocean. Currently, Environment and Climate Change Canada's Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Laboratory (GGML), measures ambient air for CO2, CH4 and CO using Cavity Ring Down Spectroscopy from a 40 m tower. Weekly flask samples were taken and analyzed for CO2, CH4, N2O from 2000-2017. These flasks were also analyzed for the isotopes of 13C and 18O in CO2 from 1998-2010.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 ETL Map

GAW ID ETL
Station name East Trout Lake
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory Canada
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 54.353743
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -104.986864
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 500
Timezone UTC-06:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/432
Climate Zone Dfc (Snow climate, fully humid, cool summer)
Website
Status Operational
Description The East Trout Lake observatory is located 150 km North of Prince Albert close to the southern edge of a boreal forest region in central Saskatchewan at an elevation of 492m above sea level. The terrain in the surrounding area is slightly rolling with vegetation primarily consisting of black spruce but the forest also consists of deciduous-type larch and trembling aspen. This site has forest fire influence during the summer and is influenced by Arctic air masses during the winter. The observatory is situated in a small clearing of approximately 1 km2. Four levels of meteorology and intake lines (95, 55, 33, 22m) are installed on a 105m SaskTel communication tower. Continuous measurements of CO2, CH4, CO and N2O began in September 2005 using Non-Dispersive Infrared technology and Gas Chromatography to compliment the ongoing CO2 and water flux measurements at a number of flux sites in this region. Weekly flask-sampling for CO2, CH4, N2O, 13C and 18O in CO2 was also started in 2005 and continued until 2010 for the isotopes and 2017 for the other species. Weekly aircraft vertical profile sampling for the same trace species are done by NOAA, as part of the North American Carbon Program (NACP). Aerosol optical, physical and chemical properties, including light absorption, scattering, number size distribution, and black carbon /organic carbon (BC/OC) concentrations have been measured since May 2006. The GC and NDIR were replaced by Cavity Ring Down Spectroscopy for measurements of CO2, CH4 and CO in July 2015.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 FDT Map

GAW ID FDT
Station name Fundata
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Romania
Address 1 Statia Meteo Fundata comuna Fundata Jud.Brasov Romania
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 45.43147039
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 25.2715382709
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 1384
Timezone UTC+02:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/539
Climate Zone UNK (Unknown)
Website
Status Operational
Description Observation remarks: AUT; SOLRA; M; MONT; M/B; SUNDUR; GAW
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 FIK Map

GAW ID FIK
Station name Finokalia
GAW category GAW Other elements
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Greece
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 35.3377990723
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 25.6693992615
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 150
Timezone UTC+02:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/764
Climate Zone Csa (Warm temperate climate with dry and hot summer)
Website http://finokalia.chemistry.uoc.gr/
Status Operational
Description
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 FRF Map

GAW ID FRF
Station name Farafra
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION I (Africa)
Country/territory Egypt
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 27.0581169128
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 27.9901638031
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 92
Timezone UTC+02:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/771
Climate Zone BWh (Desert climate, hot arid)
Website
Status Operational
Description
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 FSD Map

GAW ID FSD
Station name Fraserdale
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory Canada
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 49.8400001526
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -81.5166702271
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 210
Timezone UTC-04:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/677
Climate Zone Dfb (Snow climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website
Status Operational
Description The Fraserdale observatory is located on the southern perimeter of the Hudson Bay Lowland and on the northern edge of the boreal forest at an elevation of 210m above sea level. The observatory is situated in a small clearing of approximately 1 km2 at the edge of a reservoir formed by a hydroelectric generating dam on the Abitibi River at the head of the Abitibi canyon. The station is located within a region that has extensive wetland coverage. The terrain in the surrounding area is slightly rolling with extensive areas of impeded drainage. It contains a mixture of black and white spruce, balsam fir, white birch, maple and trembling aspen. Currently, Environment and Climate Change Canada's Greenhouse Gas Measurement Lab (GGML), continuously measures ambient CO2, CH4 and CO via Cavity Ring Down spectroscopy. Weekly ambient flask samples were taken at the site and measured for CO2, CH4 and N2O from 1999- 2017 and 13C and 18O isotopes of CO2 from 2001-2010.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 GAT Map

GAW ID GAT
Station name Gartow
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Germany
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 53.065514
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 11.442733
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 69
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/32268
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website
Status Non-reporting
Description Gartow is a small village in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated in the easternmost tip of Lower Saxony, on the river Elbe, approx. 30 km northeast of Salzwedel, and 20 km west of Wittenberge and approx. in the middle between Hamburg and Berlin. The surrounding area is very flat with elevations ranging from less t 9m a.s.l. (Elbe valley) up to 124m a.s.l. (Hill "Hoher Mechtin" - 35km west of GAT). The land use in this area is dominated by forest and agricultural fields (ca. 20 % and ca. 60 %), lakes cover about 2 %, villages and traffic about 12 %. Cities in the vicinity of the site: North of the Station: Schwerin (100000 inh., 65km), Parchim (20000 inh., 50km); East of the Station: Neuruppin (30000 inh., 90km); Southeast of the Station: Rathenow (25000 inh., 75km), Stendal (40000 inh., 55km), Brandenburg a.d. Havel (72000 inh., 100km); South of the Station: Gardelegen (25000 inh., 55km), Haldensleben (20000 inh., 85km), Wolfsburg (120000 inh., 80km); Southwest of theStation: Gifhorn (40000 inh., 85km), Celle (70000 inh., 85km); Northwest of the Station: Lüneburg (70000 inh., 70km)
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 GLH Map

GAW ID GLH
Station name Giordan Lighthouse
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Malta
Address 1 Giordan Lighthouse, Gozo, Malta
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 36.0722
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 14.2184
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 167
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/57
Climate Zone Csa (Warm temperate climate with dry and hot summer)
Website
Status Operational
Description Lighthouse on top of a hill of Gozo set back 800 meters from cliff falling directly to the sea. Vegetation is very sparse except for some minor farming activity. Climate is typically Mediterranean. Exposed to prevailing NW winds.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 GMI Map

GAW ID GMI
Station name Guam (Mariana Island)
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION V (South-West Pacific)
Country/territory United States of America
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 13.4300003052
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 144.7799987793
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 2
Timezone UTC+10:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/167
Climate Zone Af (Equatorial rainforest, fully humid)
Website http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/dv/site/GMI.html
Status Operational
Description Guam is located at the southern end of the Northern Mariana Islands chain in the tropical western North Pacific Ocean. The Island is approximately 30 miles long with a population of ~150,000. The site is located on the roof of the College of Natural and Applied Sciences building at the University of Guam, on the eastern side of the island at a distance of ~250 meters from the Pacific Ocean.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 GOZ Map

GAW ID GOZ
Station name Dwejra Point
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Malta
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 36.0499992371
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 14.1800003052
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 30
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/146
Climate Zone Csa (Warm temperate climate with dry and hot summer)
Website http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/dv/site/GOZ.html
Status Closed
Description Terminated NOAA flask sampling site (Project: Carbon Cycle Surface Flask)
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 GPA Map

GAW ID GPA
Station name Gunn Point
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION V (South-West Pacific)
Country/territory Australia
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -12.2488002777
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 131.0453033447
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 25
Timezone UTC+09:30
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/919
Climate Zone UNK (Unknown)
Website
Status Operational
Description The station consists of a converted shipping container laboratory on a cleared site. It was formerly a prison farm, surrounded by grasslands, savannah and some small plots of pine trees. It is 2-3 kilometers from the coast and 70km via road from Darwin city centre (30km direct line).
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 GSN Map

GAW ID GSN
Station name Gosan
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION II (Asia)
Country/territory Republic of Korea
Address 1 3768 Gosan-Ri Hankyung-Myeon Bukjeju-Gun Jeju, Republic of Korea
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 33.2799987793
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 126.1699981689
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 72
Timezone UTC+09:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/197
Climate Zone Cfa (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, hot summer)
Website
Status Non-reporting
Description The Gosan site on Jeju Island of South Korea is located at the northern part of the East China Sea, about 100 km south of the Korean peninsula, 500 km northeast of Shanghai, China, and 250 km west of Kyushu, Japan. The Gosan site is located at the western edge of the island at the top of a 72 m cliff, facing the East China Sea. Jeju Island is regarded as one of the cleanest areas in South Korea with low emissions of air pollutants.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 HAT Map

GAW ID HAT
Station name Hateruma Island
GAW category GAW Other elements
WMO region REGION II (Asia)
Country/territory Japan
Address 1 Aza-Hateruma 4794, Taketomi-cho, Yaeyama-gun, OKINAWA, 907-1751, Japan
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 24.0538883209
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 123.810836792
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 10
Timezone UTC+09:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/639
Climate Zone Cfa (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, hot summer)
Website http://db.cger.nies.go.jp/g3db/ggtu/hateruma.html
Status Non-reporting
Description Hateruma Island is located at the southern end of the Japanese Archipelago, 60km north of the Tropic of Cancer, 220 km east of Taiwan, and 460 km southwest of Okinawa. Hateruma island was formed by raised coral reef, and it is about 6 km east-west and 4 km north-south, with area of about 12.5 km2. The population of the island is about 600 and the sugar cane farming is the island's main industry. The station is located at the east end of the island, about 100 m from the coast and 10m above sea level, surrounded by the windbreak forest. The wind is northerly to northeasterly in autumn-winter and southerly to southeasterly in spring-summer The annual mean wind speed at the top of the tower (46.5 m above sea level) is about 8 m/s. The surface temperature is about 24oC and the annual rainfall is about 1900 mm.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 HBA Map

GAW ID HBA
Station name Halley
GAW category GAW Global
WMO region ANTARCTICA
Country/territory United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -75.571509
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -25.50386
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 30
Timezone UTC-02:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/583
Climate Zone EF (Frost climate)
Website http://www.antarctica.ac.uk/living_and_working/research_stations/halley/
Status Operational
Description Halley is on a floating ice shelf which moves roughly 500 m per year. In winter there is darkness for 105 days. Supplies are landed by ship onto the ice shelf and then towed on sledges to Halley VI, some 20 km distance from the ice edge. Total column ozone has been measured at Halley since 1956. Ground-based reactive gas measurements are made at Halley's Clean Air Sector Laboratory (CASLab) that is situated ~1 km from the station in a sector that receives minimal contamination from the generators. No routine vehicle access is permitted to the CASLab. The present station (the sixth near this location) consists of 8 purpose-built accommodation and science modules on hydraulic legs that are raised approximately annually to keep them clear of the accumulated snowfall. The station operates throughout the year with a population of roughly 65 in the summer and roughly 15 over winter. Internet access is available.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 HFM Map

GAW ID HFM
Station name Harvard Forest (MA)
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory United States of America
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 42.9000015259
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -72.3000030518
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 340
Timezone UTC-05:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/173
Climate Zone Dfb (Snow climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/dv/site/HFM.html
Status Operational
Description Harvard Forest is a 1200 hectares, aggrading, temperate, 50 to 70 year old, mixed deciduous forest with moderately hilly terrain. The physical plant includes Shaler Hall, a brick building with offices, research laboratories, seminar room, the Harvard Forest archives, a library of 22,000 volumes, and the Fisher Museum with panoramic displays. In addition, it has dormitory accomodations for twenty-five persons and dining room and kitchen facilities, photographic suite and darkroom, a graphics and mapping room, a projection and film analysis room for video microscopy, and micro computers. Also, there are two greenhouses, the Director's house (David Foster), and four residences for research staff and their families. Also, there's the woods crew of three men, the forest manager and their back-hoe, bulldozer, tractor, crawler, dump truck, flat bed truck, pick up and van, wood working shop, and a sawmill.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 HKG Map

GAW ID HKG
Station name Hok Tsui / Cape d Aguilar
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION II (Asia)
Country/territory Hong Kong, China
Address 1 Submarine Cable Station, Hok Tsui Road, Cape D'Aguilar, Hong Kong.
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 22.2095394135
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 114.2578887939
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 60
Timezone UTC+08:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/626
Climate Zone Cwb (Warm temperate climate with dry winter and warm summer)
Website www.cse.polyu.edu.hk/~nasalab/
Status Operational
Description Hok Tsui PolyU Background Air Monitoring Station was established in 1993. It is a remote coastal site with short grasses and shrubs in its vicinity. It is located at the southeastern tip of Hong Kong Island, and is about 9 km from the highly populated city centre of Hong Kong to its northwest. The measurement site is situated on the top of a cliff 60 m above mean sea level. It has a 240 degree view of the sea stretching from northeast to west. Hong Kong's climate is sub-tropical, tending towards temperate for nearly half of the year. The annual mean temperature is 23.1 degrees while the mean annual total rainfall is 2382.7 mm. The prevailing wind in Hong Kong is easterlies. For most of the time, the station is upwind of the urban areas and receives air mass that comes mainly from the sea.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 HKO Map

GAW ID HKO
Station name King's Park
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION II (Asia)
Country/territory Hong Kong, China
Address 1 King’s Park Meteorological Station, 22 King’s Park Rise, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 22.3118972778
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 114.1728744507
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 65
Timezone UTC+08:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/618
Climate Zone Cwa (Warm temperate climate with dry winter and hot summer)
Website http://www.hko.gov.hk/contente.htm
Status Operational
Description King's Park (WMO station number 45004) was established in 1951 as Hong Kong's upper air station from which radiosonde ascents are made. Ozonesonde operations began at King's Park in October 1993. The station was accepted by WMO into the GAW network in January 1996 for vertical ozone profile measurements. King’s Park is also a GCOS Upper-Air Network (GUAN) station of the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) since 1992 where upper air parameters, conventional meteorological elements as well as global solar radiation are measured. Carbon dioxide measurement commenced at King's Park in May 2009. The measurement site is located on a small hill in Kowloon, Hong Kong, which is a major, highly populated city at the southern coast of China. The station is reasonably well exposed with a fairly typical outdoor setting of the city with short grass, trees and buildings in the vicinity.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 HMM Map

GAW ID HMM
Station name Hamamatsu
GAW category GAW Other elements
WMO region REGION II (Asia)
Country/territory Japan
Address 1 Shizuoka University, 3-5-1 Jyohoku, Hamamatsu 432-8561, Japan
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 34.7166671753
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 137.7166595459
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 29
Timezone UTC+09:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/735
Climate Zone Cfa (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, hot summer)
Website
Status Non-reporting
Description Urban area, about 80 km east of Nagoya
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 HPB Map

GAW ID HPB
Station name Hohenpeissenberg
GAW category GAW Global
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Germany
Address 1 Albin-Schwaiger-Weg 10D-82383 HohenpeissenbergGermany
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 47.8014984131
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 11.0096197128
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 985
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/482
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website www.dwd.de/mohp
Status Operational
Description Hohenpeissenberg is an isolated mountain 40 km north of Zugspitze. It rises 300 m above the surrounding area that is populated to an extent typical for Central Europe and partly covered with meadows (~70%) and forests (~30%). The observatory is situated on top of the mountain. It has a long history of meteorological and climatological observations (since 1781).
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 HUA Map

GAW ID HUA
Station name Huancayo
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION III (South America)
Country/territory Peru
Address 1 Apartado 46, Huancayo, Peru
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -12.1499996185
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -75.5666656494
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 4575
Timezone UTC-05:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/5
Climate Zone ET (Tundra climate)
Website
Status Closed
Description At observatory in open landscape, agricultural environment, very little traffic. Dobson #87 moved to Marcapomacocha in 2000.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 HUN Map

GAW ID HUN
Station name Hegyhatsal
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Hungary
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 46.9500007629
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 16.6499996185
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 248
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/175
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website http://nimbus.elte.hu/hhs
Status Operational
Description The tower belongs to the developing European network of tall tower sites which will monitor all important greenhouse gases to support the Kyoto Protocol and climate research with high precision, spatially representative data. site properities: rural, regional background The measurements are carried out at four elevation levels (10 m, 48 m, 82 m, 115 m) on a 117 m tall, free-standing TV/radio transmitter tower owned by Antenna Hungaria Corp. Human habitations within 10 km of the tower are only small villages (100-400 inhabitants). The nearest village is Hegyhatsal (170 inhabitants) about 1 km to the northwest. There is no notable industrial activity in this dominantly agricultural region. Local roads have mostly low levels of traffic. One of the few main roads of the region, which carries 3600 vehicles per day on average, passes approximately 400 m to the southwest of the tower. Measurements of CO2 mixing ratio profiles, temperature, humidity and wind profiles began in September 1994. CO2 vertical flux measurements (82 m) began in April 1997. The tower is also a NOAA/CMDL global air sampling network site.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 ICE Map

GAW ID ICE
Station name Storhofdi
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Iceland
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 63.4000015259
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -20.2833328247
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 118
Timezone UTC
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/508
Climate Zone Cfc (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, cool summer)
Website
Status Operational
Description Location and surroundings: At the southern tip of the island Heimaey, which is the largest of the Vestmannaeyjar islands 12 km off the south coast of Iceland. The latitude of the station is 63° 24' north and the longitude is 20° 17' west. The elevation is 118 m. Distance from the fishing town on the island (4500 inhabitants) is 4.5 km; distance to the nearest village (700 inhabitants) on shore is 40 km; distance to the nearest town (4000 inhabitants) on shore is 70 km.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 ISK Map

GAW ID ISK
Station name Issyk-Kul
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION II (Asia)
Country/territory Kyrgyzstan
Address 1 Manas St. 101, Bishkek, 720033 Kyrgyz Republic
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 42.6166648865
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 76.9833297729
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 1640
Timezone UTC+05:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/655
Climate Zone Dfc (Snow climate, fully humid, cool summer)
Website
Status Operational
Description The Issyk Kul station located in the center of Eurasia (the Northern Tien Shan) on the north coast of Issyk-Kul lake. Issyk-Kul lake represents one from the largest intermountain hollows of Tien Shan, located on the northeast of Kyrgyzstan. It is enclosed by two large arcs of mountain circuits: in north that is Khungey Ala Tao and in the south that is Terskoy Ala Tao, converging in west and east and forming the closed space. The hollow is prolate west-to-east more than on 250 km and has a widthway from the south to north about 100 km. From the total area about 23000 km2 of the hollow a water surface of the lake, located at the height of 1609 m above a sea level, takes 6292 km2. Northern part of littoral valley located below 1800 m above a sea level, and it widthway changes from 2 up to 10 km. The foothill ridges are raised up to 1 km above lake, and enclosing mountain ridges have the heights up to 4,5 - 5,2 km above a sea level. Due to the heat stored during a warm season in surface layers, Issyk-Kul lake does not freeze in cold time.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 ITN Map

GAW ID ITN
Station name Grifton - Georgia Station (NC)
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory United States of America
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 35.3499984741
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -77.3799972534
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 505
Timezone UTC-05:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/166
Climate Zone Cfa (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, hot summer)
Website
Status Operational
Description former NOAA flask sampling site
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 IZO Map

GAW ID IZO
Station name Izaña (Tenerife)
GAW category GAW Global
WMO region REGION I (Africa)
Country/territory Spain
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 28.3090000153
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -16.4993991852
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 2373
Timezone UTC
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/455
Climate Zone Csb (Warm temperate climate with dry and warm summer)
Website http://izana.aemet.es/
Status Operational
Description The Izaña station is located on the Island of Tenerife, Spain, roughly 300 km west of the African coast. The meteorological observatory is situated on a mountain platform , 15 km north-east of the volcano Teide (3718 m a.s.l.). The local wind field at the site is dominated by north-westerly winds. A predominant meteorological attribute of the Canary Islands region is the presence of the trade wind inversion that persists through most of the year and is well below the altitude of the station. The ground in the vicinity around Izaña is loosely covered with light volcanic soil. The vegetation in the surrounding area is sparse, consisting mainly of broom. About 100 m south of the station a road leads to the meteorological observatory, and also serves the astrophysical institute of the Canaries and a nearby military camp. Because the road is closed to public traffic, only approximately 5 to 10 cars a day pass the vicinity. The complementary background urban pollution research Observatory at Santa Cruz de Tenerife (SCO, 28º 28’N; 16º15’ W) is located on the roof of the IARC’s headquarters at 52 m a.s.l. in the city of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, by the city harbour. This station is also part of GURME program.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 JBN Map

GAW ID JBN
Station name Jubany
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region ANTARCTICA
Country/territory Argentina
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -62.2382011414
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -58.6660003662
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 15
Timezone UTC-03:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/738
Climate Zone EF (Frost climate)
Website http://www.geocities.com/ciat389/index.html
Status Non-reporting
Description Jubany station is situated in the King George Island , South Shetland archipelago , just North of the Antarctic peninsula. The ground is covered with snow through 10 months. The ice occupies the Potter bay approximately through 2 months. The station is managed by Argentine Antarctic Program and CO2 measurements is supported by CNR-ISAC through National Antarctic Program of Italy (PNRA). Jubany is one of three stations measuring CO2 continuously in Antarctica.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 JFJ Map

GAW ID JFJ
Station name Jungfraujoch
GAW category GAW Global
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Switzerland
Address 1 Hochalpine Forschungsstation Jungfraujoch, CH- 3801 Jungfraujoch, Switzerland
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 46.5474891663
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 7.9850897789
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 3580
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/451
Climate Zone ET (Tundra climate)
Website www.ifjungo.ch
Status Operational
Description The high alpine research station Jungfraujoch is situated on a mountain saddle between the two mountains Jungfrau (4158m asl) and Mönch (4099m asl). The station is located in the center of Europe at an altitude of 3580m asl and is surrounded by highly industrialized regions at much lower altitudes. This special geographical situation offers the opportunity to monitor background concentrations but also to investigate the transport of anthropogenic pollutants from the boundary layer to the free troposphere.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 JGS Map

GAW ID JGS
Station name Jeju Gosan
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION II (Asia)
Country/territory Republic of Korea
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 33.18
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 126.12
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 52
Timezone UTC+09:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/961
Climate Zone UNK (Unknown)
Website
Status Non-reporting
Description Gosan is located on the western coast of Jeju Island, Korea and has been a great place for an insight into the emissions of GHGs and aerosols in the Northeast Asia with seasonally varying and distinctive wind patterns. Therefore basically two stations applied for GAW allow for monitoring both of polluted air masses from continental and regional sources and of clean Pacific and Siberian air masses reflecting global background levels.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 KCO Map

GAW ID KCO
Station name Kaashidhoo (Male Atoll)
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION II (Asia)
Country/territory Maldives
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 4.9699997902
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 73.4700012207
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 1
Timezone UTC+05:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/190
Climate Zone Am (Equatorial monsoon)
Website
Status Closed
Description This station was setup under a research project called INDOEX and has been closed since 1999.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 KEY Map

GAW ID KEY
Station name Key Biscane (FL)
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory United States of America
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 25.6666660309
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -80.1999969482
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 3
Timezone UTC-05:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/719
Climate Zone Am (Equatorial monsoon)
Website
Status Operational
Description NOAA "Carbon Cycle Surface Flask" Project
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 KIS Map

GAW ID KIS
Station name Kisai
GAW category GAW Other elements
WMO region REGION II (Asia)
Country/territory Japan
Address 1 914 Kamitanadare, Kisai-machi, Kita-Saitama-gun, Saitama 347-0115, Japan.
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 36.0800018311
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 139.5500030518
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 13
Timezone UTC+09:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/748
Climate Zone Cfa (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, hot summer)
Website
Status Operational
Description Rural area, about 50 km north-northwest of Tokyo.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 KMW Map

GAW ID KMW
Station name Kollumerwaard
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Netherlands
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 53.3333320618
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 6.2666668892
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 0
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/523
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website
Status Operational
Description The station is jointly operated by three Dutch research institutes: the Electricity Companies joint Research Institute KEMA, the National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Research (RIVM), and the Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO). The station has been set up in 1991 to monitor radioactivity and several tracers associated with air pollution and ozone production. It is located in the Kollumerwaard polder, a rural area close to the Waddensea, about 10 km from the coast. The site is not affected by nearby emitters. Clean air from the Atlantic is received under NW flow. Continental background concentrations are seen in the wind sector between E and SW. The city of Groningen, which has circa 200,000 inhabitants, is located 30 km to the SE, and forms the largest industrialised area within a 130 km radius. Kollumerwaard is surrounded by farmland and some woodland.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 KOS Map

GAW ID KOS
Station name Kosetice Observatory
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Czech Republic
Address 1 CZ 394 22 Kosetice, Czech Republic
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 49.5833320618
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 15.0833330154
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 534
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/472
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website http://www.chmi.cz/files/kosetice_en.html
Status Operational
Description The Kosetice observatory, operated by the Czech Hydrometeorological Institute, was established as a station specialised in the problems of air quality monitoring and research at the regional scale. The observatory is involved in GAW, EMEP and ICP-IM program as well as in long-term projects focused on air quality research (EUSAAR, ACCENT). The observatory is located in agricultural countryside outside of settlement in Bohemian-Moravian Highladns.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 KOT Map

GAW ID KOT
Station name Kotelnyj Island
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION II (Asia)
Country/territory Russian Federation
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 76
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 137.8699951172
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 5
Timezone UTC+10:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/198
Climate Zone Dfd (Snow climate, fully humid, extremely continental)
Website
Status Non-reporting
Description Island sea shore, Ozone measurements by the Main Geophysical Observatory of Russia
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 KPA Map

GAW ID KPA
Station name Kitt Peak (AZ)
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory United States of America
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 31.9699993134
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -111.5999984741
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 2083
Timezone UTC-07:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/195
Climate Zone BSh (Steppe climate, hot arid)
Website http://www.noao.edu/kpno/
Status Closed
Description former NOAA flask sampling site complete NDACC campaign: uvvis
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 KPS Map

GAW ID KPS
Station name K-Puszta
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Hungary
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 46.9666671753
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 19.5833339691
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 125
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/505
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website www.met.hu
Status Operational
Description K-puszta, 70 km SE of Budapest, regional background air pollution monitoring station was established in a clearing in a mixed forest on the Hungarian Great Plain, in the middle of the Carpathian Basin, as far from the pollution sources as possible in the highly industrialized, densely populated Central Europe. Because of the growing vegetation the station was moved to a bigger clearing, also at the same elevation, approximately 500 m from the original one, in September, 1993.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 KSG Map

GAW ID KSG
Station name King Sejong
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region ANTARCTICA
Country/territory Republic of Korea
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -62.2166595459
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -58.7832984924
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 0
Timezone UTC-03:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/772
Climate Zone EF (Frost climate)
Website
Status Operational
Description The station is located in King George Island, the largest of the Shetland Islands, nesting near coast of Baton peninsula. Except for one or two month in summer, the station is covered by snow. Wind blows in general from between north and west while in winter easterly wind is dominant.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 KTB Map

GAW ID KTB
Station name Kloosterburen
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Netherlands
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 53.4000015259
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 6.4200000763
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 0
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/196
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website
Status Closed
Description
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 KUM Map

GAW ID KUM
Station name Cape Kumukahi (HI)
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION V (South-West Pacific)
Country/territory United States of America
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 19.5200004578
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -154.8200073242
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 3
Timezone UTC-10:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/123
Climate Zone Af (Equatorial rainforest, fully humid)
Website
Status Operational
Description NOAA "Carbon Cycle Surface Flask" project
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 KVV Map

GAW ID KVV
Station name Krvavec
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Slovenia
Address 1 Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning Environmental Agency of Republic of Slovenia (ARSO) Vojkova 1b; SI-1000 Ljubljana Slovenia
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 46.2973494817
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 14.5333143774
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 1740
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/560
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website
Status Operational
Description Krvavec monitoring site is located on a hillside of Alps, at 1720 m a.s.l. within Alpine climate zone. Monitoring site is surrounded mostly by short grass (above 1600 m) and partly by coniferous forest (below 1600 m). The surrounding mountain peaks are rocky (limestone). The site is situated about 30 km north of Ljubljana (capital of Slovenia), on the ridge of the south-eastern Alps (Karavanke mountain ridge with peaks of 1500-2500 m a.s.l.). The monitoring site is above the cold surface layer of air which forms in the Ljubljana basin. Sometimes, not very often, the inversion layer at the height of 2-3 km a.s.l. (caused by subsidence in a stable anticyclone) sinks below the height of the monitoring station. During such events the site is usually in the clouds.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 KYZ Map

GAW ID KYZ
Station name Kyzylcha
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION II (Asia)
Country/territory Uzbekistan
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 40.8699989319
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 66.1500015259
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 340
Timezone UTC+05:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/202
Climate Zone BSk (Steppe climate, cold arid)
Website
Status Closed
Description Desert region pine forest.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 KZD Map

GAW ID KZD
Station name Sary Taukum
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION II (Asia)
Country/territory Kazakhstan
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 44.4500007629
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 77.5699996948
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 412
Timezone UTC+06:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/291
Climate Zone Dfa (Snow climate, fully humid, hot summer)
Website
Status Non-reporting
Description NOAA "Carbon Cycle Surface Flask" project
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 KZM Map

GAW ID KZM
Station name Plateau Assy
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION II (Asia)
Country/territory Kazakhstan
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 43.25
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 77.8799972534
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 2519
Timezone UTC+06:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/266
Climate Zone Dfb (Snow climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website
Status Non-reporting
Description NOAA "Carbon Cycle Surface Flask" project
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 LAU Map

GAW ID LAU
Station name Lauder
GAW category GAW Global
WMO region REGION V (South-West Pacific)
Country/territory New Zealand
Address 1 NIWA Lauder ObservatoryPrivate Bag 50061Omakau, Central Otago9182 New Zealand
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -45.0379981995
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 169.6840057373
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 370
Timezone UTC+12:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/488
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website http://www.niwa.co.nz/our-science/atmosphere/lauder
Status Operational
Description Lauder is located in a sparsely populated rural environment on the South Island of New Zealand at 45.0ºS, 169.7ºE, altitude 370 m asl. It is located in a broad valley in Central Otago, approximately 40 km north of Alexandra on State Highway 85. The site is surrounded by pastoral farms running low stock numbers of mainly sheep and cattle. The Atmospheric Research facility was established by DSIR in 1960 to facilitate research of the upper atmosphere (mainly ionospheric), but changed to research into stratospheric composition and UV radiation in the 1980s. Over the last decade the focus has increasingly moved to include climate change and full spectrum radiation research. The site was originally chosen for its clear skies, low pollution, and low stray light levels; and these qualities continue to make Lauder a valuable atmospheric measurement site with a combination of ground-based, balloon-sonde and in-situ measurements. Lauder is maintained by New Zealand’s Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research (NIWA), and has a staff of approximately 15. There is on-site housing for visiting researchers. Lauder is an NDACC affiliated station with UVvis, FTIR, Microwave, Lidar, ozone + Frost Point Hygrometer sonde, UV radiation, and Dobson ozone measurements. Lauder is also a BSRN station that contributes to knowledge on radiation, cloud and aerosol and is a ground station for receiving satellite imagery. Lauder is a GRUAN-certified site (RS-92 measurement program).
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 LEF Map

GAW ID LEF
Station name Park Falls (WI)
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory United States of America
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 45.9300003052
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -90.2699966431
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 868
Timezone UTC-06:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/262
Climate Zone Dfb (Snow climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website
Status Operational
Description NOAA "Carbon Cycle Surface Flasks" and "Carbon Cycle In Situ Tall Tower" Project site
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 LIN Map

GAW ID LIN
Station name Lindenberg
GAW category GAW Other elements
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Germany
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 52.2166671753
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 14.1166667938
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 112
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/44
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website http://www.dwd.de/mol/
Status Operational
Description The village of Lindenberg is located about 50 km southeast of the outskirts of Berlin. Lindenberg is part of the municipality of Tauche, on the south-western side of the partly wooded Kalkberge hills. The observatory itself and the weather station are located north of the village of Lindenberg. The terrain south-west of the weather station is flat with moderately sloping parts. It inclines in the northern and eastern directions and is open to the south and west. The average height of the surrounding is about 80 m, varying between 40 m and 130 m above sea level. The area consists of plateaus, hills and lowlands. The terrain generally slopes down in southern and western directions. The lowlands in the west (around the lake Scharmützelsee), in the south (lakes Kossenblatter Seen and the lowland of the river Spree) and in the east (lowland of the river Spree) are approximately 40 m above sea level. Lindenberg represents moderate mid-latitude climate conditions at the transition between marine and continental influences . Monthly mean temperatures (1961– 1990) vary between –1.2 °C (January) and 17.9 °C (July), and the mean annual precipitation is 563 mm. The annual precipitation pattern shows a main maximum during summertime and a secondary maximum in December with minima on February and October.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 LLB Map

GAW ID LLB
Station name Lac La Biche (Alberta)
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory Canada
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 54.953809
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -112.466649
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 548
Timezone UTC-06:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/775
Climate Zone Dfb (Snow climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website
Status Operational
Description Insitu CO2, CH4 and CO measurements program began at Lac la Biche, Alberta in April 2007 using an NDIR and Gas Chromatograph, and a 10m tower. Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), through a collaboration with Fluxnet Canada, initiated the measurements program at Lac La Biche. The site was initially established in 2003 by the University of Lethbridge, Alberta. The initial objective of the site was to study the role of peatlands in the global carbon budget and climate change. In 2009, the University of Lethbridge terminated their flux measurement program and ECCC purchased the building and assumed overall responsibility of the site. The Lac la Biche measurement site is located in a region of peatlands and forest, approximately 200 km NE of Edmonton, Alberta and 230 km due south of Fort McMurray. The primary goal of the insitu observational program at Lac Labiche is to apply data assimilation modelling techniques, together with long-term monitoring of CO2 and CH4 to independently quantify anthropogenic emissions for southern Alberta. In June, 2009, ECCC installed a 50m tower, in order to draw ambient air that was higher above the tree canopy. Currently, ECCC's Greenhouse gas measurement lab continuously measures CO2, CH4 and CO using Cavity Ring Down Spectroscopy from the 50m tower.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 LLN Map

GAW ID LLN
Station name Lulin
GAW category GAW Other elements
WMO region REGION II (Asia)
Country/territory Taiwan, Province of China
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 23.4699993134
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 120.8700027466
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 2862
Timezone UTC+08:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/749
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website
Status Operational
Description Flask sampling site for NOAA "Carbon Cycle Surface Flask" project Station Organizer: National Central University Aerosol optical property measurements began at Lulin in October 2008. These measurements are a collaboration with NOAA/ESRL/GMD's aerosol group.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 LMP Map

GAW ID LMP
Station name Lampedusa
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Italy
Address 1 ENEA laboratory, Capo Grecale, 92010 Lampedusa-Italy
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 35.5182
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 12.6305
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 45
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/517
Climate Zone Cfa (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, hot summer)
Website www.lampedusa.enea.it
Status Operational
Description Lampedusa is a small island in the Mediterranean sea, WSW of Malta and 120 km or more far from large islands or continents. The island is rocky, relatively flat (maximum altitude is 130 m) with very poor vegetation. Prevailing winds are N/NW and S. Climate is temperate, annual precipitation is low, with maximum in winter.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 LMT Map

GAW ID LMT
Station name Lamezia Terme
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Italy
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 38.8763
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 16.2322
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 6
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/987
Climate Zone Cfa (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, hot summer)
Website http://www.i-amica.it/i-amica/?page_id=671&lang=en
Status Operational
Description Lamezia Terme CNR-ISAC station is located in a strategic and isolated position, 600 m from the coastline of the Lamezia Terme plane, outside the only valley in Calabria which allows the Tyrrhenian Sea to connect with the Ionio Sea. Its complex orography and its long and narrow shape create a complex interaction of breezes which develop perpendicularly the two coasts with the synoptic circulation, that mainly goes west. In detail, breezes from the sea go mainly W-WSW, while breezes from the earth go mainly E-ENE. Breezes are characterized by seasonal cycles modulated by the temperature gradient between sea and land in addition to the synoptic circulation (more prevalent in determining local circulation in late fall and winter). In particular, while during the summer, there are strong breezes from the sea during the day, in winter there are, at night, intense breezes coming from the land. It was also demonstrated how the breeze system dominated atmospheric circulation in Lamezia Terme and it has an important role in defining local climates. The area presents polluting emissions coming from transportation, (airport, cruises from/to Gioia Tauro, local and highway traffic), houses and agriculture in addition to the deposits of a natural particulate like Saharan sand, and volcanic particulate coming from the two active volcanoes in the Mediterranean (Stromboli and Etna situated 80 km west and around 200 km south-east of the measurement site respectively). Studying atmospheric circulation becomes particularly relevant in order to characterize variability of atmospheric composition, for researches regarding renewable (solar and wind) energy and for the coast characterization to prevent fires and erosion.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 LPO Map

GAW ID LPO
Station name Ile Grande
GAW category GAW Other elements
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory France
Address 1 Station LPO de l'Ile Grande 22560 Pleumeur Bodou France Tel 02 96 91 91 40 Fax 02 96 91 91 05 Email: ile-grande@lpo.fr
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 48.8036003113
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -3.5838999748
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 20
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/762
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website http://www.lpo.fr/reseau/ile-grande/
Status Non-reporting
Description
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 MAA Map

GAW ID MAA
Station name Mawson
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region ANTARCTICA
Country/territory Australia
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -67.6047210693
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 62.8705558777
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 20
Timezone UTC+04:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/740
Climate Zone EF (Frost climate)
Website http://www.aad.gov.au/default.asp?casid=6909
Status Operational
Description Mawson is situated on an isolated outcrop of rock on the coast in Mac.Robertson Land, at the edge of the Antarctic plateau. It is Australia's first continental station and the longest continuously operating station south of the Antarctic Circle. It is located on rock overlooking Horseshoe Harbour. Mawson has active atmospheric research programs in Meteorology, Clean air monitoring, Cosmic Ray research and Atmospheric and Space Physics.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 MBC Map

GAW ID MBC
Station name Mould Bay
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory Canada
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 76.25
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -119.3499984741
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 58
Timezone UTC-07:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/238
Climate Zone ET (Tundra climate)
Website
Status Closed
Description Former NOAA flask sampling site
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 MCM Map

GAW ID MCM
Station name McMurdo
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region ANTARCTICA
Country/territory United States of America
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -77.85
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 166.6666667
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 11
Timezone UTC+11:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/228
Climate Zone EF (Frost climate)
Website http://astro.uchicago.edu/cara/vtour/mcmurdo/
Status Non-reporting
Description McMurdo Station is Antarctica's largest community. It is built on the bare volcanic rock of Hut Point Peninsula on Ross Island, the farthest south solid ground that is accessible by ship. NDACC station: lidar, uvvis, o3sonde
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 MEX Map

GAW ID MEX
Station name Mex High Altitude Global Climate Observation Center
GAW category GAW Other elements
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory Mexico
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 18.985842
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -97.314433
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 4560
Timezone UTC-06:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/876
Climate Zone UNK (Unknown)
Website
Status Operational
Description
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 MHD Map

GAW ID MHD
Station name Mace Head
GAW category GAW Global
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Ireland
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 53.3258323669
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -9.8994445801
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 5
Timezone UTC
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/479
Climate Zone Cfc (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, cool summer)
Website http://macehead.org/
Status Operational
Description Mace Head Research Station is located on the west coast of Ireland, County Galway. The site offers excellent exposure to the North Atlantic (clean air sector, 180° through west to 300°). The nearest major conurbation is Galway city, approximately 60 km to the east of Mace Head, with a population of approximately 75000 (2011 census). The hilly area around Mace Head is wet and boggy with a lot of exposed rock and vegetation which consists mainly of grasses and sedges. There are three small uninhabited islands offshore which are within the clean air sector. The facilities at the site consist of three laboratory buildings, two aluminium walk-up towers, (20m and 10m) and a converted 20 ft cargo container office. The two shore laboratories, ca. 90m (5masl) from the shore, house gas and aerosol measurement equipment. The cottage laboratory, ca. 300m(21masl) from the shore primarily houses equipment for measurement of atmospheric structure, meteorological and solar radiation parameters.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 MID Map

GAW ID MID
Station name Sand Island
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION V (South-West Pacific)
Country/territory United States of America
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 28.2199993134
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -177.3699951172
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 4
Timezone UTC-11:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/289
Climate Zone Am (Equatorial monsoon)
Website
Status Operational
Description This flask sampling site is located at Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge. The Refuge is approximately 2,012 km NW of Honolulu, HI and consists of three islands (Sand, Eastern, and Spit) which are surrounded by a fringing coral reef. The entire Refuge is 120,749 ha in size and is home to over 2 million seabirds.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 MKN Map

GAW ID MKN
Station name Mt. Kenya
GAW category GAW Global
WMO region REGION I (Africa)
Country/territory Kenya
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -0.0621999986
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 37.2971992493
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 3678
Timezone UTC+03:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/483
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website http://www.meteo.go.ke/obsv/gaw/
Status Operational
Description The station is situated above Moses Camp on the northern upper slopes of Mt. Kenya in a wildlife preserve above the tree line and provides measurements of the tropical mid-troposphere as well as air from the lower humid boundary layer. Access is along Sirimon Route, a distance of 21km from the Nanyuki-Timau tarmac. The turn-off is about 16km from Nanyuki. A new settlement has been created in the former forest land after the turn-off.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 MKW Map

GAW ID MKW
Station name Mikawa-Ichinomiya
GAW category GAW Other elements
WMO region REGION II (Asia)
Country/territory Japan
Address 1 33-4 Kamishinkiri, Ichinomiya, Ichinomiya-cho, Hoi-gun,Aichi 441-1231, Japan
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 34.8499984741
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 137.4299926758
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 50
Timezone UTC+09:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/232
Climate Zone Cfa (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, hot summer)
Website
Status Non-reporting
Description Plain suburban area surrounded by mountains in the north and northeast, and located about 60 km southeast of Nagoya which is the biggest city in central Japan.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 MLO Map

GAW ID MLO
Station name Mauna Loa (HI)
GAW category GAW Global
WMO region REGION V (South-West Pacific)
Country/territory United States of America
Address 1 P.O. Box 275 Hilo, HI 96720 HAWAII
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 19.5362300873
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -155.5761566162
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 3397
Timezone UTC-10:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/490
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website http://www.mlo.noaa.gov/
Status Operational
Description Mauna Loa Observatory is located on the Island of Hawaii at an elevation of 3397 m on the northern flank of Mauna Loa volcano at 200 north. Established in 1957, Mauna Lao Observatory has grown to become the premier long-term atmospheric monitoring facility on earth and is the site where the ever-increasing concentrations of global atmospheric carbon dioxide were determined. The observatory consists of 10 buildings from which up to 250 different atmospheric parameters are measured by a complement of 12 NOAA/ESRL and other agency scientists and engineers.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 MMB Map

GAW ID MMB
Station name Memanbetsu
GAW category GAW Other elements
WMO region REGION II (Asia)
Country/territory Japan
Address 1 Memanbetsu, Hokkaido 099-2356, Japan
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 43.9199981689
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 144.1999969482
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 33
Timezone UTC+09:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/230
Climate Zone Dfb (Snow climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website
Status Closed
Description
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 MNM Map

GAW ID MNM
Station name Minamitorishima
GAW category GAW Global
WMO region REGION II (Asia)
Country/territory Japan
Address 1 Minamitorishima
Address 2 Ogasawara-mura
Address 3 TOKYO, Japan ( post service not available )
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 24.2883
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 153.9833
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 7.1
Timezone UTC+09:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/486
Climate Zone Am (Equatorial monsoon)
Website
Status Operational
Description Minamitorishima is an isolated island in the Pacific located about 2,000 km southeast of Tokyo. The observatory is surrounded by insignificant shrubs and grass. The island has an area of about 1.4 km² and a coast of about 5.5 km long. The climate is semi-humid tropical with a dry season in early spring and the average monthly temperatures exceed 20°C throughout the year. Annual normal rainfall amount is about 1150 mm. Annual mean temperature is about 26 °C. Prevailing wind direction is easterly.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 MQA Map

GAW ID MQA
Station name Macquarie Island
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION V (South-West Pacific)
Country/territory Australia
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -54.498500824
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 158.9385070801
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 6
Timezone UTC+12:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/671
Climate Zone ET (Tundra climate)
Website http://www.aad.gov.au/default.asp?casid=7151
Status Operational
Description Macquarie Island is a subantarctic island located in the Southern Ocean, approximately half way between Australia and Antarctica. Macquarie Island, or "Macca" as it is generally referred to, is a Tasmanian State Reserve managed by the Tasmanian Parks and Wildlife Service. Australia operates a research station at the northern end of the island from which a wide range of research is carried out.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 NAT Map

GAW ID NAT
Station name Natal
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION III (South America)
Country/territory Brazil
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -6
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -35.2000007629
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 0
Timezone UTC-03:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/609
Climate Zone As (Equatorial savannah with dry winter)
Website
Status Operational
Description Natal is located in the easternmost corner of South America. NDACC station with ozone- and aerosolsonde
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 NGL Map

GAW ID NGL
Station name Neuglobsow
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Germany
Address 1 Federal Environmental Agency Monitoring site Neuglobsow Zur alten Fischerhuette 1 D-16775 Neuglobsow
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 53.1427764893
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 13.0333337784
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 62
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/13
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website
Status Operational
Description The station is run by the Federal Environmental Agency. It also contributes to the EMEP programme. It is situated in the Noth German lowlands on the lakefront of lake Stechlin in a forested protected landscape without agricultural or industrial use. It was used as a background station for air, precipitation, biological and lake water samples from 1979 to 1991. It is also a regional GAW station in a forest, situated in a Natural Park, about 7 km southwest of the small town Fürstenberg. Annual mean sum of precipitation amount is about 515 mm. Annual mean temperature is about 8.6 °C. Prevailing wind is southeasterly and southwesterly
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 NGY Map

GAW ID NGY
Station name Nagoya
GAW category GAW Other elements
WMO region REGION II (Asia)
Country/territory Japan
Address 1 Furo-cho, Chikusaku, Nagoya 464-8603, Japan
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 35.1500015259
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 136.9700012207
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 35
Timezone UTC+09:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/243
Climate Zone Cfa (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, hot summer)
Website
Status Closed
Description Heights in urban
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 NMB Map

GAW ID NMB
Station name Gobabeb
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION I (Africa)
Country/territory Namibia
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -23.5699996948
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 15.029999733
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 408
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/160
Climate Zone BWh (Desert climate, hot arid)
Website
Status Operational
Description The station is located at the base of a linear sand dune, next to an interdune plain. NOAA takes flask samples here for "Carbon Cycle Surface Flask" project.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 NWR Map

GAW ID NWR
Station name Niwot Ridge - T-van (CO)
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory United States of America
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 40.0499992371
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -105.5899963379
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 3523
Timezone UTC-07:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/723
Climate Zone Dfc (Snow climate, fully humid, cool summer)
Website http://culter.colorado.edu/NWT/
Status Operational
Description Niwot Ridge is located approximately 35 km west of Boulder, Colorado, with the entire study site lying above 3000 m elevation. There is a cirque glacier (Arikaree Glacier), extensive alpine tundra, a variety of glacial landforms, glacial lakes and moraines, cirques and talus slopes, patterned ground, and permafrost. The research area is bounded on the west by the Continental Divide, with runoff on the two sides being destined for the Colorado and Mississippi Rivers. The alpine study area is reached by an unimproved road from the Mountain Research Station (2895 m) which leads to within 2 km of the main tundra research site, the Saddle (3528 m). The D-1 research site (3739 m), for which climate records are continuous from 1952, lies a farther 3 km from the road head. The Martinelli study area (3380 m) is located 1 km southwest of the Saddle, in the forest-tundra ecotone. The Green Lakes Valley lies immediately south of the western half of Niwot Ridge. It includes the Arikaree Glacier at its head (3798 m), and the wetland, Green Lake 4, and Albion research sites. The Green Lakes Valley and Martinelli sites are all within the City of Boulder Watershed which is closed to public access. Niwot Ridge, including the main alpine study site, is part of the Roosevelt National Forest and has been designated a Biosphere Reserve (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, UNESCO) and an Experimental Ecology Reserve (USDA Forest Service). A context-sensitive topographic relief map can be used to access the scenic views of the areas indicated above, as well as several others. Topographic setting: Ridge top, but on south facing slope. Air samples have been taken here, in flasks, for NOAA CMDL since 1963. These flasks are analysed for the same compounds as at C1
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 NZL Map

GAW ID NZL
Station name Kaitorete Spit
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION V (South-West Pacific)
Country/territory New Zealand
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -43.8300018311
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 172.6300048828
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 3
Timezone UTC+12:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/191
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website
Status Closed
Description former flask sampling site of NOAA
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 OPW Map

GAW ID OPW
Station name Olympic Peninsula (WA)
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory United States of America
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 48.25
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -124.4199981689
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 488
Timezone UTC-08:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/724
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website
Status Closed
Description former NOAA "Carbon Cycle Surface Flask" Project relates to or might be identical with 'Olympic'
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 OXK Map

GAW ID OXK
Station name Ochsenkopf
GAW category GAW Other elements
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Germany
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 50.0301
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 11.8084
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 1185
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/750
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website https://www.bgc-jena.mpg.de/bgc-systems/pmwiki2/pmwiki.php/TAG/Ochsenkopf
Status Operational
Description Flask sampling site for NOAA "Carbon Cycle Surface Flask" project Station Organizer: Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 PAL Map

GAW ID PAL
Station name Pallas
GAW category GAW Global
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Finland
Address 1 Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) P.O. BOX 503 FI-00101 HELSINKI FINLAND
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 67.9736099243
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 24.1158332825
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 560
Timezone UTC+02:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/454
Climate Zone Dfc (Snow climate, fully humid, cool summer)
Website https://en.ilmatieteenlaitos.fi/pallas-atmosphere-ecosystem-supersite
Status Operational
Description Most of the stations at Pallas that are part of the global station Pallas-Sodankylä are located within the Pallas-Yllästunturi National Park, inside the northern boreal forest zone. The Pallas area is free of large local and regional pollution sources with the nearest town, Muonio with some 2500 inhabitants, being 19 km to the west. The second-nearest town, Kittilä, with 6000 inhabitants, is 46 km to the south-east. The main station, Sammaltunturi (67°58'N 24°07'E, 560 m a.s.l.) is on top of a fjeld (a subarctic hill), ca. 300 m above the surrounding area and some 100 m above the tree line. The vegetation on the fjeld top consists mainly of low vascular plants, moss, and lichen. The region is hilly with the highest elevations of 600-800 m within 3-6 km from the station. The sectors 180°-330° and 100-130° are very open. Also part of this global station is the observatory Sodankylä (67°22'N 26°38'E, 178 m a.s.l.).
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 PAY Map

GAW ID PAY
Station name Payerne
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Switzerland
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 46.8129081726
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 6.943500042
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 490
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/571
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website www.meteoswiss.admin.ch/web/en/weather/ozone_layer.html
Status Operational
Description The site is located on the premises of the national weather service, MeteoSwiss, about 1 km south-east of the small rural town of Payerne. The main road circumventing Payerne passes several hundred meters away south-east of the site. NDACC station: mwave, o3sonde
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 PDI Map

GAW ID PDI
Station name Pha Din
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION II (Asia)
Country/territory Viet Nam
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 21.5731
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 103.5157
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 1466
Timezone UTC+07:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/959
Climate Zone UNK (Unknown)
Website
Status Operational
Description Prevailing wind directions: NE in winter and SW in summer. Temperature: 25-30 ˚C in summer and down to 3 ˚C in winter. No snow or ice in winter. Rainfall and humidity: The site is in clouds a considerable fraction of the year with a correspondingly high relative humidity all year long. Population: No residents at the station except for the custodians. No relevant residential areas within 10-20 km, except for sparse individual farm houses. The closest farm house is located in 1 km distance in NE direction. Land cover: Mountain hill area covered with forest. The station itself is above the canopy. Possible influence of local and regional emissions: Occasional corn plant burning in March and April. Staff housing (gas cooking, electrical heating, occasional trash burning) is at the station. No coal power plants and other industrial activities in the region.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 PDM Map

GAW ID PDM
Station name Pic du Midi
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory France
Address 1 Observatoire du Pic du Midi 57 avenue d'Azereix - BP 826 65008 TARBES Cedex France
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 42.9371986389
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 0.1411000043
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 2877
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/761
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website http://p2oa.aero.obs-mip.fr
Status Operational
Description Pic du Midi (2877 m asl, 42.93642N, 0.14260E) is a high-altitude observatory for astronomy and atmospheric sciences on top of an isolated summit in the Pyrenees. The summit is situated well to the north of the Pyrenean watershed and thus forms a promontory over the French plain. This site is 150 km to the east of the Atlantic coast, and is most often exposed to oceanic westerlies or north-westerlies. Advection of continental air from the Iberian Peninsula flowing over the Pyrenees is also frequent. In the context of the GEOmon programme (www.geomon.eu), a study was conducted to characterize and compare the areas of influence ("footprints") of various atmospheric background measurement sites in Europe (Henne et al., Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2010). In this study, Pic du Midi (PDM) was categorized as ``mostly remote'' (see http://geomon.empa.ch/index.php?id=PDM). Pic du Midi is located away from major urban or industrial areas. The population in radii of 10 and 50 km amount to about 13,000 and 412,000 inhabitants, respectively, concentrated in two main cities: Pau (217,000 inhabitants) and Tarbes (110,000 inhabitants, Fig. 2), situated 55 km and 30 km away to the northwest, respectively. Outside of these two main cities, countryside and mountain areas are sparsely inhabited, with exception of the small town of Bagnères-de-Bigorre (9000 inhabitants) located 14 km north of PDM. Beyond greenhouse gas measurements (carbon dioxide, methane, carbon monoxide, water vapor) following the ICOS standard operation procedure, permanent monitoring of other gaseous species (ozone, carbon monoxide, mercury), aerosol particles and meteorology is also being performed at PDM (http://p2oa.aero.obs-mip.fr).
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 PRS Map

GAW ID PRS
Station name Plateau Rosa
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Italy
Address 1 Testa Grigia Laboratory
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 45.9353408813
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 7.7073101997
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 3480
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/267
Climate Zone ET (Tundra climate)
Website http://oasi.erse-web.it/
Status Operational
Description It is a monitorig station collocated at a very high mountain site (3480 m asl). For this reason it is often out of the planetary boundary layer and the sinks and sources are not close to the station (except for a funicular railway operating during the central hours of the day and some motor vehicles utilized to prepare the snow to ski).
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 PSA Map

GAW ID PSA
Station name Palmer Station
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region ANTARCTICA
Country/territory United States of America
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -64.7743301392
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -64.0544204712
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 10
Timezone UTC-04:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/258
Climate Zone EF (Frost climate)
Website http://www.antarcticconnection.com/antarctic/stations/palmer.shtml
Status Operational
Description Palmer Station is located on a protected harbor on the southwestern coast of Anvers Island off the Antarctica Peninsula. Palmer is the only U.S. Antarctic station north of the Antarctic Circle. The station, built on solid rock, consists of two major buildings and three small ones, plus two large fuel tanks, a helicopter pad, and a dock. Somewhat over 40 people can occupy Palmer in the summer. Wintering population is about 10, although Palmer does not have a long period of winter isolation as do McMurdo and South Pole. - NOAA "Carbon Cycle Surface Flasks" project
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 PTA Map

GAW ID PTA
Station name Point Arena (CA)
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory United States of America
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 38.9500007629
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -123.7300033569
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 17
Timezone UTC-08:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/268
Climate Zone Csb (Warm temperate climate with dry and warm summer)
Website
Status Non-reporting
Description NOAA "Carbon Cycle Surface Flask" project site
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 PUY Map

GAW ID PUY
Station name Puy de Dôme
GAW category GAW Global
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory France
Address 1 OPGC 24 Avenue des Landais 63177 Aubière Cedex France
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 45.7723
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 2.9658
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 1465
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/757
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website http://wwwobs.univ-bpclermont.fr/SO/mesures/instru.php
Status Operational
Description The puy de Dôme Research Station (1465 m asl), central France, is located on the first mountain chain facing dominant western winds. Puy de Dôme is the highest point of the Chaîne des Puys, which comprises 80 volcanoes aligned north to south on a 3 to 5 km wide strip of land, a little over 45 kilometres in length. The station is exposed to an oceanic climate. It is surrounded by a protected area where fields and forests are predominant. The city of Clermont-Ferrand (150 000 inhabitants) is located 16 km east of the station at 396m a.s.l. . The moderate altitude of the station allows for the identification of the part of the atmosphere that the station is sampling (Planetary Boundary Layer, Lower Free troposphere, Nocturnal residual layer, Interfaces). Furthermore, the station is more than 50% of the time in cloud and offers natural cloud microphysical characterization both on the roof plateform. The PUY station is measuring a complete set of in situ measurements of the gas (9 parameters) and particulate (11 parameters) phases at 1465 m, coupled with co-located RADAR, LIDAR and sun photometer measurements at its base (400 m a.s.l.).
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 PYR Map

GAW ID PYR
Station name Nepal Climate Observatory - Pyramid
GAW category GAW Global
WMO region REGION II (Asia)
Country/territory Nepal
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 27.9577999115
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 86.8149032593
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 5079
Timezone
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/443
Climate Zone ET (Tundra climate)
Website http://evk2.isac.cnr.it/
Status Operational
Description The Everest - Pyramid station, founded by EV-K2-CNR Commitee in the framework of SHARE (Stations at High Altitude for the Research on the Environment) project, is located in the southern Himalayan region at the confluence of the secondary valley of Lobuche (oriented NNW-SSE) and the main Khumbu Valley. The station was placed not far from the Pyramid International Laboratory/Observatory and in proximity of the Mt. Everest base camp. All the instrumentation is housed in a wood and aluminium shelter consisting of two rooms, one for the instruments and a smaller one where batteries for the power supply are stored. The power needed to carry out the experimental activity (~ 3 kW) is provided by 96 photovoltaic panels with 120 electric storage cells. Through the aluminium roof, four sampling lines allow the sampling of gases and aerosol particles.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 RGL Map

GAW ID RGL
Station name Ridge Hill
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 51.9975585938
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -2.5400300026
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 204
Timezone UTC
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/920
Climate Zone UNK (Unknown)
Website http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/research/monitoring/atmospheric-trends/sites/ridge-hill
Status Non-reporting
Description Ridge Hill is a rural UK site located 13 km south-east of Hereford (population ~55,000), and 32 miles south-west of Worcester (population ~94,000), in Herefordshire, UK. This station is part of the UK DECC (Deriving Emissions related to Climate Change) Network . Air samples are taken from a line sampling 90 meters up a tall tower. Due to the sites location, far from strong sources of local pollution, measurements from this site will be used to calculate emission maps of trace gas species in the UK in combination with other measurement stations in the UK and Ireland.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 RIG Map

GAW ID RIG
Station name Rigi
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory Switzerland
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 47.06739
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 8.46333
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 1031
Timezone UTC+01:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/433
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website http://www.umwelt-schweiz.ch/buwal/de/fachgebiete/fg_luft/luftbelastung/nabel/
Status Operational
Description The station is located some 300 m south-west of the upper platform of Seebodenalpbahn (cable car) on the crest of Mühlimannsegg, 600 m above Vierwaldstättersee (Lake Lucerne). In this low-alpine setting, grass-land and forest areas alternate. The small cities of Zug (pop. 100’000 including suburbs) and Lucerne (pop. 180’000 including suburbs) are approximately 12 km away. The site became operational in 1991 as part of the Swiss National Air Pollution Monitoring network (NABEL). It is also the primary Swiss contribution to EMEP. The existing station building will be enlarged in the near future to accomodate an even more extended measurement program including PM2.5, PM1, aerosol number concentration, EC/OC, as well as continuous ammonia/ammonium measurements.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 RPB Map

GAW ID RPB
Station name Ragged Point
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory Barbados
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 13.1700000763
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -59.4300003052
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 45
Timezone UTC-04:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/276
Climate Zone Am (Equatorial monsoon)
Website http://agage.eas.gatech.edu/Stations/barbados.htm
Status Operational
Description The northern tropical atmospheric research station at Ragged Point, Barbados is located on the eastern edge of the island with direct exposure to the Atlantic Ocean. It experiences generally easterly winds disrupted routinely by the passage of cyclones and anticyclones. The ALE/GAGE/AGAGE has operated continuously at this location since 1978. There are two in-situ instruments there. The GC-MD instrument started measuring atmospheric CFC-11, CFC-12, CH3CCl3, CCl4 and N2O in 1978, CFC-113 in 1985, and CH4 and CHCl3 in 1996. A state of the art Medusa GC-MS instrument, with capability of measuring more than 40 trace gases, was installed in May 2005. Also AERONET and MPLNET site.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 RYO Map

GAW ID RYO
Station name Ryori
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION II (Asia)
Country/territory Japan
Address 1 1-25,Tahamashimo, Ryori
Address 2 Sanriku-cho, Ofunato-shi
Address 3 Iwate 022-0211, Japan
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 39.0319
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 141.8222
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 260
Timezone UTC+09:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/642
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website
Status Operational
Description Ryori Station is sited on a hilly cape on the Pacific coast in the nothern part of the Japanese main island, Honshu. The surrounding area is sparsely populated, about 120 km apart from Sendai, the largest city of the region with a population of one million. The area has a temperate climate with distinct four seasons. The annual temperature is about 10 °C and annual precipitation is about 1,300 mm. The observatory is surrounded by insignificant woods and grass. Prevailing wind direction is westerly.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 SDZ Map

GAW ID SDZ
Station name Shangdianzi
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION II (Asia)
Country/territory China
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 40.6500015259
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 117.1166000366
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 287
Timezone UTC+08:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/622
Climate Zone Dwa (Snow climate with dry winter and hot summer)
Website
Status Operational
Description The Shangdianzi GAW Regional Station (Global Atmosphere Watch programme of the World Meteorological Organization) 150km northeast of urban Beijing is part of the domain of the China Meteorological Administration (CMA). It is jointly operated by the Beijing Meteorological Bureau (BMB) and the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences (CAMS).
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 SEY Map

GAW ID SEY
Station name Mahé
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION I (Africa)
Country/territory Seychelles
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -4.6700000763
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 55.1699981689
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 3
Timezone UTC+04:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/218
Climate Zone Af (Equatorial rainforest, fully humid)
Website http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/dv/site/SEY.html
Status Operational
Description Sampling site 1 (southeast of Mahe): The site is situated at the southern part of the runway of the international airport. It is just approx. two meters from the sea. It is a flat and forms part of the drudged land on which the airport has been constructed. There is no vegetation. Sampling site 2 (northwest of Mahe): The site is situated on a built swimming pool of the Sunset Hotel. It is above the sea on a rocky environment.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 SGI Map

GAW ID SGI
Station name Bird Island (South Georgia)
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION III (South America)
Country/territory United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -54.0083007813
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -38.0512008667
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 30
Timezone UTC-02:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/110
Climate Zone ET (Tundra climate)
Website
Status Non-reporting
Description Bird Island lies off the north-west tip of South Georgia in the Southern Atlantic Ocean. It is separated by a 500m channel, Bird Sound, from the South Georgia mainland. It is approximately 1000km south east of the Falkland Islands and is accessible only by boat or ship supported helicopter. - former NOAA flask sampling site
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 SGP Map

GAW ID SGP
Station name Southern Great Plains E13 (OK)
GAW category GAW Contributing networks
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory United States of America
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 36.5999984741
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -97.5
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 318
Timezone UTC-06:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/357
Climate Zone Cfa (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, hot summer)
Website http://www.arm.gov/sites/sgp.stm
Status Operational
Description The sampling site is located in the Southern Great Plains, within the US DOE Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program testbed. The testbed is a 350 km x 350 km area studied and modeled by ARM. It is officially called the ARM-CART (cloud and radiation testbed). The local topography is very flat. Land use is mostly agriculture; main land cover is winter wheat and pasture. Scientists are using the information obtained from the SGP site to improve cloud and radiative models and parameterizations and, thereby, the performance of atmospheric general circulation models used for climate research. There are 30 scientists and technicians who collect and monitor data from the central facility instruments and from remote instruments throughout the site. The SGP is the largest and most extensive climate research field site in the world.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 SHM Map

GAW ID SHM
Station name Shemya Island
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory United States of America
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 52.7200012207
Longitude (east: +; west: −) 174.1000061035
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 40
Timezone UTC-10:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/297
Climate Zone Dfc (Snow climate, fully humid, cool summer)
Website
Status Operational
Description NOAA "Carbon Cycle Surface Flask" Project
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 SIO Map

GAW ID SIO
Station name La Jolla (CA)
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION IV (North and Central America)
Country/territory United States of America
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 32.8300018311
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -117.2699966431
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 14
Timezone UTC-08:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/204
Climate Zone BSk (Steppe climate, cold arid)
Website
Status Closed
Description former NOAA flask sampling site
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 SIS Map

GAW ID SIS
Station name Lerwick
GAW category GAW Regional
WMO region REGION VI (Europe)
Country/territory United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) 60.1333351135
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -1.1833332777
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 84
Timezone UTC
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/579
Climate Zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)
Website
Status Non-reporting
Description Shetland islands. 24/7 manual input surface observations programme. Full radiosonde ascents twice daily at 11.15 and 23.15 UTC.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species

 SMO Map

GAW ID SMO
Station name Samoa (Cape Matatula)
GAW category GAW Global
WMO region REGION V (South-West Pacific)
Country/territory United States of America
Address 1 P.O. Box 2568 Pago Pago, American Samoa 96799
Address 2
Address 3
Latitude (north: +; south: −) -14.2474746704
Longitude (east: +; west: −) -170.5645141602
Elevation (m a.s.l.) 77
Timezone UTC-11:00
Category fixed station
Gawsis https://gawsis.meteoswiss.ch/GAWSIS//index.html#/search/station/stationReportDetails/491
Climate Zone Af (Equatorial rainforest, fully humid)
Website
Status Operational
Description The Samoa Observatory (Cape Matatula) is located on the northeastern tip of Tutuila Island, American Samoa, on a ridge overlooking the South Pacific Ocean. Established in 1974 on a 26.7 acre site, the observatory is the fourth of the GMD Baseline Observatories. Cape Matatula is approx. 1 km from the village of Tula. Prevailing winds are marine. Since its construction, the Samoa Observatory has survived two major hurricanes with only minor damage. A staff of 2 operates the year-round facility. This observatory has the distinction of obtaining 30% of its daytime power from solar panels.
Contributor(s)
Gas Species