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 Organization

NO 53
Acronym NIES
Name National Institute for Environmental Studies
Address 1
Address 2 National Institute for Environmental Studies
Address 3 16-2 Onogawa, Tsukuba 305-8506, Japan
Country/Territory Japan
Website http://www.nies.go.jp/

 Contact(s)

Name Toshinobu Machida
Prefix
Email tmachida@nies.go.jp
Organization No 53
Organization acronym NIES
Organization name National Institute for Environmental Studies
Organization country/territory Japan
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3 16-2 Onogawa, Tsukuba 305-8506, Japan
Country/territory Japan
Tel +81-29-850-2525
Fax +81-29-858-2645
Last updated date 2020-06-19


Name Yosuke Niwa
Prefix
Email niwa.yosuke@nies.go.jp
Organization No 53
Organization acronym NIES
Organization name National Institute for Environmental Studies
Organization country/territory Japan
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3
Country/territory Japan
Tel +81-29-850-2537
Fax +81-29-858-2219
Last updated date 2020-06-19


Name Hidekazu Matsueda
Prefix
Email hmatsued@mri-jma.go.jp
Organization No 48
Organization acronym MRI
Organization name Meteorological Research Institute
Organization country/territory Japan
Address 1
Address 2
Address 3 Nagamine 1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0052, Japan
Country/territory Japan
Tel +81-29-853-8723
Fax +81-29-853-8728
Last updated date 2020-06-19


NO 48
Acronym MRI
Name Meteorological Research Institute
 Background observation
 UTC
 ppm
 9999-12-31 00:00:00 - 9999-12-31 23:59:59: NIES09
 9999-12-31 00:00:00 - 2005-11-30 23:59:59: Rosemount Binos 4.1b(NDIR)
 2005-12-01 00:00:00 - 9999-12-31 23:59:59: LI-COR ( LI-6252 or LI-6262)(NDIR)
 9999-12-31 00:00:00 - 9999-12-31 23:59:59: NA (m)
 event
 NIES09 CO2 scale is lower than the WMO-X2007 CO2 scale by 0.07 ppm at around 360ppm and consistent in the range between 380 and 400 ppm (Machida et al., 2011), though it is advisable to check results of the latest round robin intercomparison: https://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/wmorr/

Reference:
Machida, T., Y. Tohjima, K. Katsumata, and H. Mukai (2011), A new CO2 calibration scale based on gravimetric one-step dilution cylinders in National Institute for Environmental Studies -NIES 09 CO2 scale, GAW Rep. 194, pp. 114-119, World Meteorol. Organ., Geneva, Switzerland.
 All of the CO2 data reported here can be used considering an overall uncertainty of less than 0.1ppm, although it is noted that an appropriate data selection is necessary for making time-series data sets of mean CO2, as reported by Matsueda et al.(2002a), and Matsueda et al. (2008).
 [Hourly]
 [Daily]
 [Monthly]
 
 Operational/Reporting
 If these data have an important part in the User's Product, the User must contact the Author concerning co-authorship before publication. Citing this data set as described below and acknowledging the Author are enough when these data play a minor role in the User's Product (e.g., global analyses such as inverse modeling).

When this data set is referred to in publications, it should be cited in the following format
Machida T., H. Matsueda, Y. Sawa and Y. Niwa (2019), Atmospheric trace gas data from the CONTRAIL flask air sampling over the Pacific Ocean, ver. x.x.x (*1), Center for Global Environmental Research, NIES, DOI:10.17595/20190828.001. (Reference date *2: YYYY/MM/DD)
*1 The version number is indicated in the name of each data file.
*2 As the reference date, please indicate the date you downloaded the files.

When generally referring to the flask sampling data of CONTRAIL, please also cite Matsueda et al. (2015) and Machida et al. (2008). Furthermore, the User is encouraged to cite relevant paper(s) listed below
(see http://www.cger.nies.go.jp/contrail/pubs.html for more references).
Specifically, the User who used the CH4 data is recommended to refer Umezawa et al. (2012).
 Wind direction: 0
 Wind speed: 0
 Relative humidity: 0
 Precipitation amount: 0
 Air pressure: 1
 Air temperature: 0
 Dew point temperature: 0
 Sea water temperature: 0
 Sea surface water temperature: 0
 Sea water salinity: 0
 Sea surface water salinity: 0
Meteorological data may remain as first provded, even when greenhouse gas data are updated.
 
1  Machida T., H. Matsueda, Y. Sawa and Y. Niwa (2019), Atmospheric trace gas data from the CONTRAIL flask air sampling over the Pacific Ocean, ver. x.x.x (*1), Center for Global Environmental Research, NIES, DOI:10.17595/20190828.001. (Reference date *2: YYYY/MM/DD)
*1 The version number is indicated in the name of each data file.
*2 As the reference date, please indicate the date you downloaded the files.
2  Matsueda, H., T. Machida, Y. Sawa, Y. Niwa (2015), Long-term change of CO2 latitudinal distribution in the upper troposphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, doi:10.1002/2014GL062768.
3  Machida, T., H. Matsueda, Y. Sawa, Y. Nakagawa, K. Hirotani, N. Kondo, K. Goto, N. Nakazawa, K. Ishikawa and T.Ogawa (2008), Worldwide measurements of atmospheric CO2 and other trace gas species using commercial airlines, J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 25(10), 1744-1754, doi:10.1175/2008JTECHA1082.1.
4  Matsueda, H., T. Machida, Y. Sawa, Y. Nakagawa, K. Hirotani, H. Ikeda, N. Kondo, and K. Goto (2008), Evaluation of atmospheric CO2 measurements from new flask air sampling of JAL airliner observations, Pap. Meteorolo. Geophys., 59, 1-17, doi:10.2467/mripapers.59.1.
5  Umezawa, T., T. Machida, K. Ishijima, H. Matsueda, Y. Sawa, P. K. Patra, S. Aoki, and T. Nakazawa (2012), Carbon and hydrogen isotopic ratios of atmospheric methane in the upper troposphere over the Western Pacific, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 8095-8113, doi:10.5194/acp-12-8095-2012.
6  Matsueda, H., H. Y. Inoue, and M. Ishii (2002), Aircraft observation of carbon dioxide at 8-13 km altitude over the western Pacific from 1993 to 1999, Tellus, 54B,1-21, doi:10.3402/tellusb.v54i1.16645.